World / Asia-Pacific

Tokyo 'should regain trust' by following path set by Germany

By Zhang Yunbi (China Daily) Updated: 2015-08-12 07:43

Tokyo 'should regain trust' by following path set by Germany

Japan's Prime Minister Shinzo Abe speaks at Peace Memorial Park in Hiroshima during a ceremony marking the 70th anniversary of the atomic bomb attack on the city, Aug 6, 2015. Japan on Thursday marks the 70th anniversary of the attack on Hiroshima, where the US dropped an atomic bomb on Aug 6, 1945, killing about 140,000 by the end of the year in a city of 350,000 residents. It was the world's first nuclear attack. The Atomic Bomb Dome, or Genbaku Dome, was the only structure left standing in this district of the city and has been preserved as a peace memorial. [Photo/Agencies]

If Japan wants to reconcile with China over wartime history, it should look to the example set by Germany, a senior Chinese scholar of Japan studies told China Daily.

Li Wei, director of the Institute of Japan Studies at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, estimated that "it will be a long process" before the ultimate goal is reached, and people should understand the importance of this issue.

A report by an advisory panel of former senior officials and experts that was delivered to Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe on Aug 6 noted that Japan has yet to realize "complete reconciliation with China and South Korea".

"Recently, the Japanese government seems to have realized that the issue of reconciliation has become a major burden for its diplomacy, and it is seeking wordings and approaches that will resolve the issue once and for all," Li observed.

She recalled being asked by Japanese diplomats and media about "how many official apologies are enough for China's forgiveness".

That raises the question of a hypothetical bottom line or lowest threshold, "which suggests that Japan is seeking a marginal effect with the lowest cost in diplomacy. It is seeking resolutions at the technical level, rather than a complete transformation at the spiritual level. In this regard, there is an obvious gap between Germany and Japan," she said.

Germany's efforts to face up to its Nazi past "have been relentless in the past decades", and Germany has therefore regained the respect of the victimized countries and become a backbone of the European Union and world affairs, Li said.

"Postwar German chancellors have consistently reflected and apologized on various occasions about the war, which ended 70 years ago. It is a process with no end and it shows the courage and wisdom of a political power," Li said.

Tokyo 'should regain trust' by following path set by Germany

Japan has not demonstrated such an ambition and self-awareness, Li said.

Foreign Minister Wang Yi said in June that the Japanese leader must choose between two options: continuing to stay in the shadow of history or "achieving a real reconciliation with all countries, especially those invaded and hurt by Japan".

Li also raised questions about Japan's ongoing legislative campaign to get radical security bills passed and change the country's defense policy.

She observed that Japan is making a shift in its security and defense policies along with the rise of right-wing voices, and "there is a growing tolerance over words and actions of right-wingers among the Japanese community".

"Japan is once again taking its military forces into the realm of world affairs without achieving transformation of its national belief in regard to the recognition of history," she said.

Dealing with that is "a realistic and important issue for the international community, especially East Asian countries such as China", Li said.

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