World / Lessons from history

Q&A: How did China participate in the founding of the United Nations? (26)

[2015-11-19 17:36]

Following the fundamental shift in the global war against fascism, the Allies began to give more and more thought to major issues such as consolidating the victory of the war and safeguarding postwar world peace and security. As a result, the establishment of a new international organization – the United Nations – gradually became part of the Allies' agenda.

Q&A: How did the CPC launch the First Strategic Counter-Offensives in the China Theater? (27)

[2015-11-19 17:36]

Beginning in the fall of 1943, the Japanese Army gradually lost its grip over its rear lines in northern China, whereas the Eighth Route Army, whose strength was increasing, enjoyed superiority in some areas and was the first Chinese army to launch offensives against the Japanese, paving the way for strategic counter-offensives in the China Theater.

Q&A: How did Japan surrender and what happened in acceptance ceremony in China? (28)

[2015-11-19 17:36]

At noon on August 15, 1945, a radio broadcast was aired throughout Japan in which Japanese emperor Hirohito read the Imperial Rescript on the Termination of the War, officially announcing unconditional surrender.

Q&A: How did the people of Taiwan resist against the Japanese? (29)

[2015-11-19 17:36]

In May 1895, Japanese troops began an attack on Taiwan. General Liu Yung-fu fought against the Japanese with volunteer troops led by local gentry such as Chiu Feng-chia, Hsu Hsiang, Wu Tang-hsing, and Chiang Shao-tsu. The Japanese army occupied Taiwan at the cost of over 4,800 deaths and 27,000 injuries. At the end of the year, an uprising erupted in Yilan in northern Taiwan. Afterward, multiple armed uprisings broke out across Taiwan. Three heroes of the resistance, Chien Ta-shih, KeTieh-hu, and Lin Shao-mao, led troops in a guerrilla war that lasted for seven years.

Q&A: How were the Japanese war crimes tried? (30)

[2015-11-19 17:36]

After the end of World War II, the International Military Tribunal for the Far East (IMTFE) was established in Tokyo.

Q&A: The Chinese Expeditionary Force's fight in Burma (1114)

[2015-11-13 11:12]

The Burma Road was an important transportation line for international supplies to and from China during the War of Resistance. Starting in Kunming in the east, the road extended westward to Lashio in Burma and was connected to the Rangoon-Mandalay Railroad.

Q&A: What is the truth about the Nanjing Massacre? (1116)

[2015-11-13 11:12]

This is the 22nd of 30 questions related to the Chinese People's War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression (1937-45), based on a book recently published by the Central Compilation and Translation Bureau. The book provides a concise history of the war to help mark the 70th anniversary of the triumph. Our website will post one question from the list every day. Visit us for the answers.

Q&A: What kinds of biological warfare did the Japanese Army carry out in China? (1117)

[2015-11-13 11:12]

Japan began research on bacteriological weapons in the 1920s. In April 1932 the Japanese Army set up a bacteriological laboratory at its Military Medical School in Tokyo under the leadership of Shirō Ishii. In August Ishii transferred the research on bacteriological warfare to Heilongjiang Province in China and built a bacteriological laboratory in Beiyinhe, Wuchang County. In the spring of 1936, the laboratory was moved to Pingfang District, Harbin, and was officially referred to as the "Anti-Epidemic Water Supply and Purification Bureau of the Kwantung Army." In 1941 the Bureau adopted the name "Unit 731 of Manchuria."

Q&A: What is the Hundred-Regiment Campaign?

[2015-11-10 11:02]

What is the Hundred-Regiment Campaign?

Q&A: What kinds of new tactics were developed in China's guerrilla warfare against Japanese aggression?

[2015-11-10 10:56]

What kinds of new tactics were developed in China's guerrilla warfare against Japanese aggression?

Q&A: What did people around the world do in support of China's war of resistance?

[2015-11-06 15:22]

After the nationwide War of Resistance began in China, communist parties, and progressive and peace-loving people around the world expressed their strong condemnation of the Japanese aggression and their firm support for China's resistance efforts.

Q&A: What was going on in Chinese diplomacy after the nationwide war of resistance began?

[2015-11-06 15:07]

After Japan launched its full-scale war of aggression against China, China became a focal point for the attention of the international community. According to their own interests, different countries adopted different attitudes toward China’s War of Resistance, thus forming a complicated, interwoven pattern of international relations. The Chinese government went to great lengths through diplomatic efforts to win the support of the international community for the resistance.

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