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Chinese property developers are increasingly expanding their businesses abroad following Chinese people's desires to purchase properties overseas.
Shanghai-based property developer Greenland Group is to invest A$480 million ($498 million) in an Australian property project, becoming the latest Chinese developer to explore an overseas market.
Greenland said it has reached a deal with Canadian company Brookfield Asset Management Inc to buy two buildings in downtown Sydney. It is the largest single investment made by Chinese developers in Australia.
"As a destination for immigrants, Australia is expected to support the sustainable growth of our company with a steady demand from new immigrants," said Zhang Yuliang, Greenland chairman.
China Vanke, the country's largest real estate developer by market value, has teamed up with the US real estate firm Tishman Speyer Properties to develop a key site in San Francisco, marking the developer's first venture into the US market.
The deal came after Vanke set up a research team last year to examine development prospects in the United States.
In January, the Shenzhen-based developer joined hands with New World Development to purchase a residential site in Hong Kong for HK$3.4 billion ($439 million), its first project outside the Chinese mainland.
"After 30 years of development, our go-global strategy is ready to be implemented. Access to an open international capital market is necessary for such a strategy," said Tan Huajie, Vanke's board secretary.
Other Chinese real estate companies have also made inroads into overseas markets. Guangzhou-based Country Garden, which trades its shares in Hong Kong, set up a joint venture with Malaysian real estate firm Mayland in 2011 to develop two residential projects, taking a 55 percent stake. This was followed by Country Garden's development of a commercial complex in Malaysia last year. These projects, targeting local as well as Chinese buyers, will open for sale this year.
"We are also on the lookout for quality land parcels overseas. If there are appropriate opportunities, we will not miss them," one of the company's executives, who requested anonymity, said.
Wang Shi, Vanke's chairman, said on his micro blog that Chinese people make up the largest group of overseas buyers in the US property market, accounting for 11 percent of sales.
According to Qin Xiaomei, director at the strategic consulting department of Jones Lang LaSalle Beijing, an international real estate service provider, the country's developers are following the trail of Chinese buyers of overseas properties.
"We have noticed a growing enthusiasm among Chinese investors to buy overseas real estate and the UK and the US are their favorite markets. It is just the beginning of Chinese property developers going global," she said.
Meanwhile, Chinese buyers have been encouraged by the appreciation of the yuan and the central government's tough real estate policies at home to invest in properties overseas, according to Qin.
The government's new policies, especially the 20 percent taxation on capital gains for selling homes, further encourage investors to seek overseas property investment opportunities.
But for Andy Zhang, China managing director of international realty firm Cushman & Wakefield, Chinese developers' overseas expansion will not be their major business in the near future.
"Although there are more Chinese property developers expanding overseas, it is more like a strategic move and their business focus will remain in China," said Zhang.
But there will definitely be more trials with overseas markets, also in the commercial and industrial sectors, he added.
For instance, Beijing Capital Land signed an agreement last year to purchase a land parcel in France on which it plans to establish a Sino-French economic zone.
Wanda Group, the country's largest commercial property developer, has revealed plans to invest $10 billion in the US over the next decade, particularly in hotels, retail and commercial properties.
For Zhang Ping, head of research in Beijing for Cushman & Wakefield, Chinese property investors are sometimes a bit slow in the decision-making process, compared with international competitors.
"In some cases they are still unfamiliar with the legal and investment environment in target countries but generally I think they are still a bit conservative."