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The United States' preliminary decision to impose punitive duties on Chinese imports of solar panels will harm the interests of both sides, and negatively affect the development of the green energy industry in the US as well as cooperation between the two countries in the sector, the Ministry of Commerce said on Wednesday.
The ministry urged the United States to take a prudent attitude when handling the dispute to safeguard the stable and sound growth of bilateral trade, according to a statement on the ministry's website.
Earlier in the day, the China Chamber of Commerce for Import and Export of Machinery and Electronic Products said the US move is unfair and the support the Chinese government gives to domestic companies does not violate World Trade Organization rules.
"The decision by the US Commerce Department wasn't made in accordance with the facts," read a statement issued by the chamber.
The chamber said it hopes the US will be fair when it conducts its investigation.
"Chinese producers of photovoltaic solar panels neither receive illegal governmental subsidies nor dump their products on the US market," said the statement.
The US Commerce Department announced on Tuesday that it will impose tariffs at rates ranging from 2.9 percent to 4.73 percent on Chinese photovoltaic solar panels.
The decision was called for by SolarWorld Industries America LP, a provider of solar-electric systems, and six other US companies whose names have not been disclosed. They said Chinese companies were selling solar panels in the US at prices lower than the cost of those products and were receiving illegal government subsidies.
Industry insiders said they were surprised by the tariff rates set by the US and said many companies had expected the rates to range from 20 to 30 percent.
"The punitive tariffs are lower than we expected, but that doesn't mean that it's right for Chinese producers to be punished," said Li Junfeng, secretary-general of the Chinese Renewable Energy Industries Association.
Li noted that the US decision was preliminary and said he believes solar companies will probably ask for higher punitive tariffs in subsequent legal proceedings.
"It will still be a long time before a final decision is made," he said. "So Chinese companies need to be prepared. At the same time, we are requiring the US to be clear and transparent about the subsidies it gives to its domestic solar industry."
Li said the Chinese government should continue its negotiations with the US to protect the interest of Chinese companies.
Hong Lei, spokesman for the Foreign Ministry, said on Wednesday that China does not want to see the trade dispute affect bilateral relations.