China / Major Anti-graft Agencies

China's network against corruption

( Updated: 2014-02-20 16:14

Central Commission for Discipline Inspection

Discipline inspection commissions are set up at various levels of CPC. Their major tasks are to maintain CPC's constitution and other Party rules and regulations, assist Party committees to enforce Party style, examine implementations, policies, principles and decisions of the Party.

The Central Commission for Discipline Inspection works under the Party Central Committee. The term of office is the same as Party committees.

Supreme People's Court

The Supreme People's Court is the highest judicial organ in China and is responsible to the NPC and its Standing Committee.

It independently exercises the highest judicial right according to the law and without any interruption by administrative organs, social organizations or individuals. Its structure comprises a judicial committee, or the highest judicial organization, and courts.

Supreme People's Procuratorate

The people's procuratorates in the People's Republic of China are law supervision organs of the state. The state has the Supreme People's Procuratorate, local people's procuratorates and military procuratorates.

The Supreme People's Procuratorate (SPP) is the highest procuratorial organ of the state and represents the state and the prosecution. It answers to the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress. Its major tasks are to exercise leadership over local people's procuratorates at all levels and special people's procuratorates.

Ministry of Supervision

The Ministry of Supervision of the People's Republic of China is responsible for supervision of law enforcement, efficiency of the State Council and its personnel as well as governments of all provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central People's Government.

National Audit Office

The National Audit Office shall audit the budget of the Central Government as well as other government revenues and expenditures, and submit audit reports to the Premier. Local audit institutions at various levels shall audit budgets at the corresponding levels as well as other government revenues and expenditures, and submit audit results to the people's governments at the corresponding levels.

Every year, audit institutions at various levels shall present a report on the audit of budget implementation and other government revenues and expenditures to the standing committee of the people's congresses at their corresponding levels on behalf of their corresponding level people's governments.

Audit institutions shall have the power to carry out special investigations through audits and report the results to the people's governments.

National Bureau of Corruption Prevention

The National Bureau of Corruption Prevention is a subordinate of the State Council. It is responsible for nationwide corruption prevention. The bureau is now housed at the Ministry of Supervision and the post of its director is held by the minister of Supervision concurrently.

The bureau aims to monitor the flow of suspicious assets and suspicious corruption activities by establishing an information-sharing system among prosecuting organs, courts, police authorities and banks

The bureau also guides the anti-corruption work in companies, public undertakings and non-governmental organizations, help trade associations establish self-discipline systems and mechanisms to prevent commercial bribery, and extend corruption prevention work to rural organizations as well as urban communities.

NBCP will evaluate loopholes in new policies that may give rise to corruption and study countermeasures, inspect corruption prevention work at various levels, conduct pilot projects and develop standards for departments and officials.

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