China / Society

Top 10 archaeology finds announced

By Wang Kaihao ( Updated: 2014-04-09 22:36

The State Administration of Cultural Heritage announced its Top 10 list of China archeological discoveries for 2013 on Wednesday in what has been dubbed the Academy Awards of Chinese archeology.

One of 2013's most eye-catching discoveries for the public was the tomb of Emperor Yang, the last monarch of the Sui Dynasty (AD 581-618). The tomb was singled out for recognition, along with nine other discoveries.

"Having strong public influence is only a part of our criteria, which emphasizes a candidate's academic significance. So some of the more widely talked about discoveries are not included in the final list," said Wang Wei, director of the Institute of Archeology under the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, and a member of a 21-judge panel.

"This list attracts the public's interest and enhances societal consciousness toward protecting cultural relics," Wang said.

The panel of judges included scholars from various institutions, including Peking University, the Palace Museum and the National Museum of China. They narrow the list of nominees to 25 before entering the final round of appraisals.

"It is a little unusual that the list doesn't include any Neolithic or earlier relics this year, though some candidates belonged to that period," said Tong Mingkang, deputy head of the State Administration of Cultural Heritage.

"Those were also great discoveries, but some of the discoveries from later dynasties are too extraordinary. It's really difficult to select the final 10 items in such a close competition," Tong said.

According to Tong, studies of an ancient bridge at the starting point of the Silk Road and a military pass dating to the Eastern Han Dynasty (AD 25-220) were among the most exciting items in the list and fill voids in their respective fields.

The administration's affiliated weekly, China Cultural Relics News, organized the first event in 1990 and has announced the annual list ever since.

Top 10 new archeological discoveries of China in 2013

1 Shigushan Tomb of Western Zhou Dynasty (c. 11th century-771 BC), Baoji, Shaanxi province

2 Wenfengta Tomb of Eastern Zhou Dynasty (770-256 BC), Suizhou, Hubei province

3 Jiwanggu Tomb of Spring and Autumn Period (770-476 BC), Yishui, Shandong province

4 Tuzishan Relics, from Warring States Period (475-221 BC) to Wu Dynasty (AD 220-280), Yiyang, Hunan province

5 Laoguanshan Tomb of Western Han Dynasty (206 BC-AD 24), Chengdu, Sichuan province

6 Hanguguan military pass relics of Eastern Han Dynasty (AD 25-220), Luoyang, Henan province

7 Weiqiao bridge relics of Western Han Dynasty (206 BC-AD 24) to Eastern Han Dynasty (AD 25-220), Xi'an, Shaanxi province

8 Tomb of Emperor Yang of Sui Dynasty (AD 581-618), Yangzhou, Jiangsu province

9 Shiqu rock engravings of Tubo Kingdom (7th to 9th century), Shiqu county, Sichuan province

10 Nanyao porcelain furnace relics of Tang Dynasty (AD 608-917), Jingdezhen, Jiangxi province

Hot Topics