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All you need to know about deposit insurance

( Updated: 2014-12-01 15:11

All you need to know about deposit insurance

The office of the People's Bank of China, Aug 9, 2014. [Photo/IC] 

All you need to know about deposit insurance

China will introduce a deposit insurance system to protect depositors and promote fair competition among large and small banks, the central bank announced on its website on Sunday.

The People's Bank of China said it is soliciting public opinions on the draft rule and expects to establish the system in six months or a year.

Here are some basics about the deposit insurance system we are expecting.

What is the deposit insurance?

Under the system, the government will insure deposits of as much as 500,000 yuan ($81,367) per saver at each bank covered.

In exchange, banks may pay premium based on their operating and risk management conditions. According to the central bank, the premium in general will account for only 0.5 percent of the banks' operating costs.

Currently, more than 110 countries and regions offer deposit protection, which plays an important role in preventing and alleviating financial risks as well as maintaining financial stability.

Why does China need deposit insurance?

Deposit insurance will remove an implicit government guarantee behind China's State-controlled banks, pave the way for further deregulation on the nation's interest rates, and improve competition for funds.

"Establishing a deposit insurance system will set a crucial foundation for interest rate liberalization by reducing the risk for a run on a bank and increasing the stability of the financial system," said Zong Liang, deputy director of the Institute of International Finance under the Bank of China.

It's also a move that will promote healthy development of community banks as well as small- and medium-sized banks, and foster fair competition, added Zong.

How much does the insurance cover our deposits?

The central bank will insure and fully protect deposits of as much as 500,000 yuan for each client at each bank.

Deposits exceeding 500,000 yuan will be protected under a fund to help well-managed banks acquire other banks that have serious problems, thus protecting clients by having their deposits transferred to well-managed banks.

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