BEIJING - A White Paper on "China's Efforts and Achievements in Promoting the Rule of Law" was issued on Thursday by the Information Office of the State Council, the cabinet.
The paper, consisting of a foreword, eight statements, a conclusion and an appendix, covers such topics as the historical course of building a socialist country under the rule of law, legislation and a legal system with Chinese characteristics, legal systems to respect and safeguard human rights, and other social and economic issues.
In the first part, titled "Historical Course of Building a Socialist Country Under the Rule of Law," the paper covers the long history of China's legal system, noting that the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949 ushered in a new era for the promotion of the rule of law.
"Under the leadership of the Communist Party of China (CPC), the Chinese people, after revolution, construction, reform and development, gradually took the road of building a socialist country under the rule of law," the white paper says.
In its second part, "Legislation and Legal System with Chinese Characteristics," the paper says that, to guarantee the uniformity of the legal system of the state and reflect the common will and overall interests of the people, China exercises uniform, multi-tiered legislation.
"The Constitution prescribes that the National People's Congress (NPC) and its Standing Committee exercise the legislative power of the state," says the paper.
The third part, "Legal Systems of Respecting and Safeguarding Human Rights," says that "based on its Constitution, China has formulated and improved a series of legal systems to codify and institutionalize the safeguarding of human rights."
China has joined 22 international human rights conventions, it says.
The fourth part, "Legal Systems Regulating the Order of the Market Economy," says that during the transition from a planned economy to a market economy, which has taken place since the adoption of the reform and opening-up policies in 1978, China has continuously strengthened its legislation in economic and related fields.
"A legal system compatible with the socialist market economy has basically taken shape," it says.
In its fifth part, the white paper claims that administration by law and building a government under the rule of law are essential for the overall implementation of the fundamental principle of governing the country by law, which are basic administrative norms of the government.
The administrative powers of the people's governments at various levels have been gradually guided along the track of a legal system, says the white paper, which adds that "the legal system that regulates the acquisition and operation of government power has taken shape."