WUKAN - Head of a new village committee of Wukan, a village in southern China's Guangdong Province, was elected Saturday night, several months after its villagers staging massive protests over illegal land sales and other issues.
Lin Zulian, who was appointed as the village's Communist Party of China (CPC) secretary after the protests, won 6,205 votes in a landslide victory to become the village chief in the election with a turnout of 81.45 percent.
Yang Semao, winning 3,609 votes, was elected as the deputy chief of the committee.
The five other seats of the village committee will be filled in a by-election Sunday from candidates.
On hearing the final results, Lin said he would perform his duty in accordance with villagers' willing and law, protect villagers' lawful rights and interests and lead his administrative authority to manage village assets fairly and openly.
Thousands of people cast their ballots at a voting center set up on a village school campus on 9 am and 3 pm Saturday.
Twenty-two candidates delivered public speeches on Wednesday to woo votes.
Villager Zhu Jianyi, who works in the provincial capital of Guangzhou some 300 km away, said he came all the way back to the village for the key election.
"I'm very happy and excited to see the village committee being reelected," Zhu told Xinhua. "I hope the new committee will be fairer and build my hometown into a better place."
The village committee includes at most seven members, including a chief and two deputy chiefs. A 50-percent turnout is required to validate the election results, and winning candidates are required to take at least half of the votes.
Saturday's voting marked the last phase of a three-phase election that has resulted in the selection of an 11-member election committee and 109 village representatives thus far.
The fishing village has 8,363 registered voters out of a population of about 12,000. Voters are required to show identification and obtain written authorization before they can cast their votes.
"This is a very solemn and regulated election," said Zhu Jiangang, head of the social development research center at Guangzhou-based Sun Yat-sen University.
"The procedural details are as good as what I have seen in many elections in the west," said Zhu, also an election observer.
The voter turnout was 81.4 percent Saturday, sustaining the high levels seen during the last two elections and indicating the villagers' enthusiasm for more open and transparent direct elections.
Local resident Yang Jinlu said Saturday's voting was the most open, impartial and fair village committee election he has ever seen.
"It was the first time that I could cast a vote and follow my own will. Only in this way can we elect village heads who can do things for us," Yang said.
An election of village heads a year ago was declared invalid after provincial authorities found several violations, including a failure to publicize a list of candidates and the fact that several candidates were working as election organizers.
The residents of Wukan confronted the local government over illegal land grabs, financing and the violation of local election regulations in the second half of last year.
The protests simmered for months, becoming violent in December when a village representative died in police custody. Police then sealed off the village's exits to stop protesters, while the villagers barricaded village entrances to stop local security forces and government officials.
The protests came to an end in late December after a provincial government work team held talks with the villagers. The group acknowledged that the villagers' demands were reasonable and that "some mistakes" were made by local officials.