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China's US debt holdings in doubt

Updated: 2013-10-16 23:56
By Zheng Yangpeng ( China Daily)

Experts eye cutback in China's massive stock of T-bills

More Chinese economists are beginning to sound the alarm over the risk to China of holding more than $1 trillion in US Treasury bills, as efforts by the US Congress to raise the debt limit remain elusive.

Although the top Democrat and Republican in the US Senate were said to be close to an agreement to raise the limit, the measure's fate remained unclear in the fractured Republican-controlled House of Representatives, which twice failed to produce its own plan on Tuesday.

European stocks fell on Wednesday, giving back some of the previous day's gains, after US politicians failed to agree to a deal to avoid a default. Asian markets were mixed Wednesday, as Tokyo rose 0.18 percent, Shanghai closed down 1.57 percent while Hong Kong was 0.72 percent lower.

China's US debt holdings in doubt

Minority Leader of the House Nancy Pelosi speaks to the media after a meeting with US President Barack Obama in the White House in Washington on Tuesday. [Yuri Gripas / Reuters]

Even if the debt impasse is eventually solved before Thursday's deadline, the political brinkmanship unfolding on the world stage, and the tremendous uncertainty around it, reminded Chinese economists and media of the risk of excessive exposure to US Treasury bills.

Li Daokui, a former policy adviser to the central bank and a prominent economist at Tsinghua University, suggested in an article in the Financial Times on Wednesday that China should reduce its exposure to US sovereign bonds.

"Many argue that China has few alternatives to investing in US debt, but I don't think this is true," he said.

The bulk of China's foreign exchange reserves, which reached $3.66 trillion by the end of last month, is held in US Treasury bonds. Though China has never officially disclosed the exact amount, Li and other financial institutions believe China is the largest overseas creditor, with at least $1.28 trillion.

A possible alternative, according to Li, is to sell half of the current holdings and reorient them to three kinds of financial assets.

The first is the stocks of multinationals that have invested in the Chinese market. That is the equivalent of investing in its own economy.

The second choice is other economies' sovereign debts that have a rating higher than AA+. The third choice is utility corporations in mature economies.

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