3) We will concentrate on saving energy and reducing emissions in key industries, key enterprises and key areas and on building key projects. We will launch a campaign to meet standards for energy efficiency, improve the system of auditing for energy efficiency and inspection for clean production and promote energy conservation in major energy-intensive enterprises, aiming for a total reduction in energy consumption of 20 million tons of standard coal in 1,000 target enterprises. The development of ten major state energy conservation projects will be accelerated, striving for a total energy saving equivalent to 35 million tons of standard coal. A total of 50 million units of high-efficiency lighting products will be put to use. We will promote architecture that conserves on energy and land and is environmentally friendly, and promote energy saving operation and management of large public buildings and improvements to make them more energy efficient. Advanced and appropriate technologies will be developed to conserve, substitute and recycle natural resources and control pollution, and projects will be built to demonstrate the use of major technologies for saving energy and reducing emissions.
4) General policies on energy conservation and emission reduction will be improved. Efforts to set up a mechanism of compensation for ecological damage will be accelerated. Pricing, fiscal, tax and financial incentives for energy conservation and emission reduction will be put in place and improved. We should make good use of revenue from differential electricity charges and institute differential water prices. The nationwide trial to promote energy-efficient electricity generation and distribution will be accelerated, and fiscal support will be increased for energy-efficient retrofitting projects, the shutting down of backward production facilities and promotion of the use of energy saving, environmentally friendly products. In addition, we will institute a mandatory government procurement system for energy-efficient products, formulate policies to promote the development of the energy conservation service industry, improve the system for assessing and examining energy savings in fixed asset investment projects, and formulate and implement market access requirements, compulsory energy efficiency standards, energy consumption quotas and environmental standards to promote energy conservation and emission reduction. Finally, improvements will be made in supporting regulations for the Law on Energy Conservation.
5) We will work vigorously to develop a circular economy. We will organize and launch the second round of pilot projects for a circulating economy. Clean production will be promoted in all industries. We will promote the recovery of resources from waste materials and the remanufacturing of used electrical machinery and auto parts. Violations of laws and regulations involving reckless exploitation of mineral resources will be rigorously investigated and prosecuted.
6) Efforts will be intensified to prevent and control pollution. Work will continue to prevent and control pollution around major water bodies such as the Huai, Hai and Liao rivers, and Tai, Chao and Dianchi lakes, implement the master plans for environmental protection around the Bohai Sea and for comprehensive cleanup of the water in the Tai Lake basin and ensure water quality and safety at the sources of drinking water for major cities. The current national standards for wastewater treatment and disposal in key water basins will be raised. The trial of exclusive distribution of desulphurization equipment will be accelerated. A great deal of effort will be devoted to building sewage treatment plants for urban areas, aiming first of all to build enough facilities to collect and treat all sewage in 36 major cities within two years. Charges for pollutant discharge, wastewater treatment and rubbish disposal will be appropriately raised. Environmental protection efforts will be strengthened in rural areas, with the focus on protecting drinking water sources, preventing and controlling pollution from large-scale livestock and poultry production and taking stronger measures to control pollution from non-point sources. We will successfully conduct a national survey of pollution sources.