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Xi to address summit on climate issues

By HOU LIQIANG | China Daily | Updated: 2021-04-22 08:05
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The file photo shows a wind power plant in Zhangjiakou, North China's Hebei province. [Photo/Xinhua]

Event expected to work as cooperation platform for nations to tackle challenges

President Xi Jinping's participation in the upcoming climate summit could make the widely watched meeting more constructive and fruitful as the world is gearing up for more ambitious climate goals.

At the invitation of United States President Joe Biden, Xi will take part in the Leaders Summit on Climate and deliver an important speech to the summit via video link from Beijing on Thursday, Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying announced on Wednesday.

The two-day meeting, which could see the participation of about 40 world leaders, has drawn global attention, as it's the first summit hosted by the US on climate issues since the departure from office of former US president Donald Trump, who was noted for his disregard of the global climate crisis.

It also comes as the world is in dire need of a concerted effort to implement the Paris Agreement and take the issue a step forward.

At a news briefing on Wednesday, Foreign Ministry spokesman Wang Wenbin said that China hopes that the summit can be an "exchange and cooperation platform for global cooperation to tackle climate challenges, facilitate the effective and comprehensive implementation of the Paris Agreement, and promote concerted efforts in global climate and environmental governance".

In the past week, China has engaged in a series of high-level climate talks. On Friday, the top leaders of China, France and Germany agreed during a virtual summit to jointly work toward an equitable and reasonable climate governance mechanism.

At the meeting, Xi reiterated China's commitments to peak its carbon emissions before 2030 and attain carbon neutrality before 2060. He also said China had decided to adopt the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol and is stepping up curbs on emissions of non-CO2 greenhouse gases.

China and the US issued a joint statement on Sunday on coping with climate change after Xie Zhenhua, China's special envoy for climate change affairs, and US Special Presidential Envoy for Climate John Kerry met in Shanghai.

Students draw picture for protecting ozone at a primary school in Qinhuangdao, Hebei province, Sept 13, 2018. [Photo/VCG]

In his written address to a forum on carbon neutrality on Tuesday in Beijing, Xie said, "The joint statement issued after the China-US climate dialogue fully demonstrates that we can work together toward a sustainable future only via pragmatic cooperation and with joint efforts to seek for answers and paths."

Sino-US cooperation vital

The joint statement said the two countries will beef up their respective climate action while joining hands in efforts to bring the goals included in the landmark Paris Agreement into reality.

The Paris Agreement, adopted in 2015, aims to keep the global temperature increase this century below 2 C from preindustrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase even further to 1.5 C.

Richie Merzian, a former Australian government negotiator to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, said he expected to see a positive outcome from possible talks between China and the US during the summit.

"It's only because China and the US came together in 2015 that we had a Paris Agreement," Merzian, who is also director of the Climate and Energy Program at the Australia Institute, said in an interview with Xinhua News Agency. "That is how important both those countries are to global efforts."

China and the United States have been widely praised for laying the foundations of international support for the Paris Agreement. Following Xi's visit to the US in June 2013, then US president Barack Obama visited China in November 2014.

On Nov 12, 2014, the two presidents made public the China-US Joint Announcement on Climate Change, which said they "resolved to work closely together over the next year to address major impediments to reaching a successful global climate agreement in Paris".

Merzian said it was in the interests of China and the US to address climate change, as both of them suffered consequences such as increased frequency and severity of extreme weather events.

The scholar also noted that countries could benefit from the new economy to be created in climate change mitigation efforts. "Those are the green technologies that China has been doing so well, manufacturing and shipping out to the world and also implementing domestically," he said.

"So really, everyone benefits when China and the US can work together," he said.

Lin Jiaqiao, co-founder and co-director of the Beijing-based Rock Environment and Energy Institute, said he saw electric vehicles and renewable energy as two sectors offering potential for cooperation between China and the US.

The two countries have listed these two sectors as strategies to decarbonize their economies, as well as to increase employment opportunities and stimulate economic growth. However, they still need to hammer out a substantive cooperation framework for the sectors based on the consensus outlined in their joint climate statement, Lin said.

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