Treatise on Febrile and Miscellaneous Disease, China's first clinical medicine monograph, was written by medical scientist Zhang Zhongjing in the Eastern Han Dynasty (AD 25–220).
Daozangjing is a rare ancient book, which rests in the Nanyang library. In China, there are only three copies now.
Over 1,900 years ago, a waterpower air-blower was invented by Nanyang's prefect, Du Shi, in the Eastern Han Dynasty (AD 25–220).
Circus troupes first appeared in Dingwan village in the late Qing Dynasty (1644–1911).
On Oct 22, 1997, the China Quyi Artists Association named Nanyang as the "Town of Quyi (Chinese folk art forms)".
The king of ceramic dogs, the biggest one, was unearthed from an Eastern Han Dynasty (AD 25–220) tomb in Nanyang in 1987.
A large number of architectural sculptures have been preserved in historical sites of Henan, which is one of the cradles of the Chinese civilization.