China says 'relocation first' in requisitioning farmers' land
Updated: 2011-07-14 13:42
BEIJING -- A government report released on Thursday says that Chinese government adopts a policy of "relocation first, demolition later" in requisitioning farmers' land to protect their legitimate rights and interests.
A social security system for farmers whose land has been requisitioned has been established, says the report titled Assessment Report on the National Human Rights Action Plan of China (2009-2010) , issued by China's State Council Information Office (SCIO).
"Before the authorities report the compensation standards and relocation plans about the land to be requisitioned to the upper level for approval, any party concerned will receive a written notice stating that he/she has the right to a hearing," says the report.
In accordance with the requirement of "relocation first and demolition later," the government ensures that the compensation for and relocation of farmers are done properly, it says.
According to the report, the governments of 29 provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities directly under the central government have issued measures to include farmers whose land has been requisitioned in the social security system, enabling them to enjoy basic living or old-age insurance.
More methods have been adopted for the relocation of farmers, including relocation to other areas of agricultural production and relocation of farmers to other places, so that farmers whose land has been requisitioned can be provided with basic production conditions and source of income, the report says.
Local governments have publicized the uniform standards for land requisition and the comprehensive land prices of the areas to be requisitioned, and raised the compensation level by 20 percent to 30 percent, and even over 100 percent in some places, it says.
A dynamic mechanism for adjusting compensation standards has been established, under which the compensation standards for land requisition are adjusted every two or three years.
According to the report, by the end of 2010, a total of 18 provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities directly under the central government had worked out measures for distributing and using the compensation funds of requisitioned land within rural collectives.
In April 2009, the SCIO published the National Human Rights Action Plan of China (2009-2010) (hereinafter referred to as the Action Plan). It is China's first national plan on the theme of human rights.
The 56-page report made an overall assessment of the implementation of the Action Plan. It also specified China's efforts on implementing the plan to safeguarding people's economic, social and cultural rights, people's civil and political rights, as well as promoting the cause of human rights in other spheres.