Nearly one in every three private entrepreneurs wants to play a political
role as the private sector continues to fuel the country's economic growth, says
a recent survey.
The private sector accounts for 65 percent of China's GDP and contributes
over 80 percent of its economic growth, says the All-China Federation of
Industry and Commerce (ACFIC).
The study was conducted jointly by the United Front Work Department of the
Central Committee of Communist Party of China, the All-China Association for
Private Business Studies and the ACFIC.
survey shows that about 70.8 percent of the entrepreneurs consider business to
be their top priority, there are those who hope to be elected members of the
People's Congress or the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference
(CPPCC) at various levels. The National People's Congress is the highest
legislature and the CPPCC, a political advisory body.
Though the study reflects the rising desire of such people to engage in
politics, their enthusiasm contrasts with the rank or post they can hold. In
fact, they can only assume low-ranking posts in political or economic
organizations, and their proportion at best can be pretty small. Moreover, such
posts are concentrated in economic rather than political organizations.
It shows that former government officials, managerial personnel of
State-owned enterprises and technical professionals make up 67.4 percent of the
private business owners, up from 33.8 per cent in 2004. In contrast, the ratio
of workers, farmers and service-trade personnel turned entrepreneurs dropped
from 57.9 percent to 26.7 percent.
And Party members comprised 32.2 percent of the private owners who registered
their businesses after 2001.
The majority of the private business owners with Party affiliations once used
to work for Party or government organizations, with many of them serving as
directors or managers of State-owned or collectively owned enterprises.
That means the make-up of private business ownership is becoming
elite-oriented, says Bao Yujun, director of the All-China Association for
Private Business Studies. That's why the new generation of entrepreneurs yearn
for recognition and understanding from society.
(China Daily 02/26/2007 page1)