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Guidelines establish proper uses of AI in research

By Yan Dongjie | | Updated: 2024-01-05 23:21
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The Ministry of Science and Technology recently issued guidelines on the proper use of artificial intelligence-related content, emphasizing that researchers should integrate ethical requirements into the entire research process.

The Guidelines for Responsible Research Conduct (2023) state that generative AI should not be used to directly generate research application materials, nor should it be listed as a co-author.

They also state that when using AI to generate content, especially when it involves facts and opinions, it should be clearly labeled and the generation process should be explained to ensure accuracy, authenticity and respect for intellectual property rights.

In addition, content generated by AI that has been labeled as such by other authors should generally not be cited as original references. Unverified references generated by AI should not be used directly. The primary methods and details of using AI should be disclosed in the research methods or appendix sections.

During the publication of research outcomes, authors should disclose whether generative AI was used, specify the software name, version and usage time, and provide specific annotations for auxiliary generated content related to facts and opinions, the guideline says.

In the peer review process, if generative AI is to be used, prior consent should be obtained from the organizers of the review activity. Measures should be taken to prevent the leak of review content, and necessary remedial actions should be taken promptly in case of an information leak, according to the guidelines.

The guideline applies to research institutions, universities, medical and health institutions, enterprises, and their researchers. The specified requirements cover the main aspects and processes of scientific and technological activities.

The ministry stated that conducting responsible scientific research is a widely recognized standard in international science and technology governance, and is an essential requirement for promoting the healthy development of China's science and technology industry and achieving high-level technological self-reliance.

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