WASHINGTON - US President Bush is
shaking up the team responsible for carrying out his military and diplomatic
strategies in Iraq as he prepares to outline a new direction for the war that
has raged for nearly four years.
US President Bush speaks while making
statements to reporters with German Chancellor Angela Merkel, not
pictured, in the Cross Hall of the White House in Washington January 4,
Bush will replace Gen. John P. Abizaid, the top US commander in the Middle
East, and Gen. George Casey, the chief general in Iraq, in the coming weeks,
according to media reports Thursday. A revamping of the administration's
national security team was already under way.
Bush wants to replace Abizaid with Adm. William Fallon, the top US commander
in the Pacific, and Casey's replacement will be Army Lt. Gen. David Petraeus,
who headed the effort to train Iraqi security forces, the reports citing
administration officials said.
Giving Fallon and Petraeus the top military posts in the Middle East would
help Bush to assert that he is taking a fresh approach in the region and help
pave the way for him to turn policy there in a new direction. Both Abizaid and
Casey have expressed reservations about the potential effectiveness of boosting
troop strength in Iraq.
Sen. Daniel K. Inouye, the ranking Democrat on the Senate Defense
appropriations subcommittee, told The Associated Press on Thursday that he
understands Bush wants to appoint Fallon to head the US Central Command, a
position responsible for directing the wars in both Iraq and Afghanistan.
"He's highly knowledgeable and well-educated and respected," Inouye said of
Fallon. "I would think that his nomination, if the president is to submit it,
would go flying through."
In a news conference Thursday, Bush said that he would go before the nation
next week with his long-anticipated speech about the next steps in Iraq. The war
was a major factor in the Republicans' loss of Congress and Bush's slide in the
polls. More than 3,000 members of the US military have lost their lives in the
"I'll be ready to outline a strategy that will help the Iraqis achieve the
objective of a country that can govern, sustain and defend itself sometime next
week," the president said. "I've still got consultations to go through." Some
members of Congress have been invited to the White House on Friday for
discussions about Iraq.
Considering more troops to deal with the rising violence in Baghdad, Bush
said, "One thing is for certain: I will want to make sure the mission is clear
and specific and can be accomplished." Senior generals have cautioned against
sending additional troops unless their role is defined.
Abizaid and Casey have at times sounded skeptical about increasing the size
of the US force in Iraq.
In November, Abizaid told the Senate Armed Services Committee that boosting
the roughly 140,000 US troops in Iraq by 20,000 would have a temporary impact,
but he warned that the military's ability to maintain in increase of that size
"is simply not something that we have right now."
Casey told reporters in Iraq last month that he is "not necessarily opposed
to the idea" of sending in more troops, but said any increase would have to
"help us progress to our strategic objectives."
Along with changes in policy in Iraq, Bush is rearranging his national
security team. Retired Vice Adm. Mike McConnell, a veteran of more than 25 years
in the intelligence field, will be named Friday to succeed John Negroponte as
national intelligence director, officials said.
In addition, Zalmay Khalilzad, the US ambassador to Iraq, will be nominated
to become the US envoy to the United Nations, according to a senior Bush
administration official. He is likely to be replaced in Baghdad by Ryan Crocker,
a veteran American diplomat now US envoy to Pakistan.
Bush's new plan for Iraq is expected to contain economic, political and
Given the need to reduce high unemployment and draw Iraqis away from Shiite
militias and the Sunni insurgency, the president is considering loans to
businesses. He is looking at getting Iraqis into short-term jobs by proposing a
significant increase in the discretionary funds that military commanders can use
for reconstruction projects.
Questions about what the president's plan will mean for the US military
presence in Iraq have gotten the most attention.
One option presented to Bush calls for an initial infusion of 8,000 to 9,000
troops, mainly to reinforce Baghdad. The option involves sending two additional
Army brigades, or roughly 7,000 soldiers, to Baghdad, and two Marine battalions,
totaling about 1,500 troops, to western Anbar Province, the center of the Sunni
Sen. Ben Nelson , a member of the Armed Services Committee, was one of those
asked to Friday's meeting at the White House. Nelson, D-Neb., said he planned to
urge the president to resist sending more troops without setting firm
Bush and Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki spoke on a secure video hookup for
nearly two hours Thursday. He appeared later in the day with German Chancellor
Angela Merkel and recounted some of his discussions with al-Maliki.
The president said he talked with the prime minister about the final moments
of Saddam's life, when he was taunted before being hanged. An unauthorized video
showed images of Saddam's dangling body. The White House has been reluctant to
criticize the proceedings, which have been condemned by some world leaders as
"My personal reaction is that Saddam Hussein was given a trial that he was
unwilling to give the thousands of people he killed," Bush said. "I wish,
obviously, that the proceedings had gone on in a more dignified way."