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Tibet's population stood at 2.84 million at the end of 2007. Among its permanent residents, more than 2.5 million, or 95.3 percent, were Tibetans. Tibet's population was 1.14 million in 1951.
China's family planning policy, which limits most urban couples to one child and rural families to two since the late 1970s, does not apply to Tibetans. As a result, the birth rate and natural growth rate in Tibet have been above national average since 1970.