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Why Guiyang

( chinadaily.com.cn)

Updated: 2013-07-09

Why Guiyang

Location Advantages

The city of Guiyang, in Guizuou province, is in the interior of southwestern China and has been an important junction throughout history, linking the Northwest and Southwest with the Pearl River Delta, of Guangdong province, Hong Kong, and Macao to the east. The city has put cost of more than 33 billion yuan ($5.36 billion) into work on its main roads – for example, Ring Expressway, 2nd Ring,Airport Rd, Jiaxiu South, Beijing West, Shuidong, and Qianlingshan. It also has plans to develop its urban rapid rail network, at a cost of 33.6 billion yuan, and urban light rail Lines 1 and 2, at 38.6 billion yuan, to turn itself into the largest rail logistics distribution center for the Southwest. In addition, it is working on a new Guiyang North Railway Station and an express rail line to the cities of Chongqing, Chengdu, Changsha, Kunming, and Guangzhou, and is doing its best in the reconstruction and extension work on its Longdongbao International Airport. Over the next three to five years, it wants to improve transportation to make itself a bridge to major cities in the province and provide one- hour service to Chengdu, Chongqing, and Kunming, and three-hour service to Changsha, in Hunan province, six-hour to Shanghai, and seven-hour to Beijing. By then, its traffic will show great improvements and it will be practically used as a hub for the Southwest. It expects to be on the nation’s advanced city list and be considerably more modernized.

Talented people

Guiyang has worked hard to improve its talent policy and make optimal use of its environment, since 2012 by relying on its mid-to-long term talented personnel development plan and building a special talent zone in the Guiyang High-tech Park. The city has seen some progress in getting badly needed talent for economic and social development, especially high-level personnel. It has held special job fairs at the better universities and has taken part in related seminars and attracted 476 high-level people with backgrounds from January to October 2012, with 88 PhD holders, 336 with masters, and 52 with at the advanced professional level. After the city began work on the special talent zone, in the high-tech zone, it has applied special talented people policies and provided quality services for talented people and start-up businesses. In 2012, it brought in 110 high-level people to the high-tech zone for start-up and other businesses.

Resource advantages


Guizhou province has about 424 million tons of proven bauxite resources, or 16.94 percent of China's total, putting it third nationwide, and Guiyang has 365 million tons of bauxite resources, or 82 percent of province’s total.

Its resource advantages and more than 50 years of experience have given the city a complete aluminum industrial system. There is the Baiyun Aluminum and Aluminum Manufacturing and Production Base with the Aluminum Corporation of China (CHINALCO) Guizhou branch as its main part, and the Qingzhen Aluminum and Aluminum Manufacturing Base. The system includes a professional design and product R&D, with the Guiyang Aluminum and Magnesium Design and Research Institute and CHINALCO's Guizhou branch, and a rapidly developing production system for high purity aluminum and refined aluminum, with alumina and electrolytic aluminum as the main products. The main products and annual output are as follows: monohydrallite, 3 million tons/yr; alumina, 1.2 million tons/yr; electrolytic aluminum, 450,000 tons/yr; aluminum with carbon, 300,000 tons/yr; refined aluminum, 5,000 ton/year, and high purity aluminum, 20 tons/yr. In 2011, the city's total output of aluminum and related manufacturing were 8.51 billion yuan, for a year-on-year increase, of 7.58 percent.


Guiyang has 428 million tons of phosphorus reserve, making it one of three phosphorus bases in the country, with 70 percent of China’s high-quality phosphorus. In recent years, it has used its abundant phosphorus and coal advantages, as well as location, heavy industrial bases, and technology, to establish a nitrogen and phosphate compound fertilizer production system and phosphorus chemical product processing system, and has developed an industrial cluster for the common development of large corporate groups and private phosphorus and coal chemical enterprises. Many industrial bases have settled there, such as the Kaiyang phosphorus and coal chemical and ecological industry demonstration base, Xifeng phosphorus and coal chemical and ecological industry demonstration base, and Qingzhen coal chemical industrial base. In 2011, the city had an output value of 26.3 billion yuan in phosphorus and coal chemicals, for a year-on-year increase of 35.22 percent.

Traditional Chinese medicines

Guizhou province has one of China's four Chinese herbal medicine bases and an old saying that goes, "All grasses are herbs in Guizhou", thanks to its more than 4,290 types of herbs -- 65 million tons in all -- such as Gastrodia elata, Eucommia ulmoides, Guizhou Codonopsis pilosula, and Poligonum multiflorum. And Guiyang has more than 1,250 types of herbal medicine resources, 1,140 of them plants, 80 of them from animals and 30 of them minerals. The city’s Chinese medicinal reserves amount to 963,000 tons, 52,000 of that plants, 910,000 of it minerals and 2 tons, animal materials.

Biological Resources

Guiyang has a good environment and moderate climate, with abundant rainfall and little pollution, giving it many biological resources. The province, which is about 1,110 meters above sea level on average, has various topographical features, with mountains accounting for 75 percent of the total, hills, 23 percent, and the plain only 1.3 percent. The special location, terrain, and landforms provide a diverse climate and advantages for the production of agricultural products. Guiyang itself has plenty of raw-food materials, including chilies, which contain a lot of vitamin C and capsaicine. It also produces a large amount of potatoes, tea, millet, and raw milk that support the food industry.


Guiyang's climate, beautiful mountains and waters, oxygen, and mild weather provide a good foundation for tourism development, with the especially pleasant and agreeable in summer, and the winters not cold or severe. Karst formations account for 85 percent of Guiyag's total area and– provide a needle karst, peak cluster, gorges, caves, and waterfalls, and warm, moist weather. It has scenic spots such as the Wujiang River Valley, Nanjiang Canyon, and lakes such as Hongfeng, Baihua, and Dongfeng, while its Huaxi Wetland Park is on the national register. Guiyang also has many hot springs widely spread out, as well as historical, ethnic group and cultural resources, giving it a unique, distinct character all its own.

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