Major nuclear states' stances on disarmament and non-proliferation

Updated: 2010-04-12 10:35
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BEIJING: The following are the world's major nuclear states' stances on  disarmament and non-proliferation.  


The United States owns the largest nuclear arsenal in the world, and the Congress has not yet ratified the Comprehensive Nuclear  Test Ban Treaty (CNTBT).    

President Obama has made a shift of strategy on nuclear issues  from the Bush administration since he took office. His nuclear  policy boils down to rebuilding U.S. leadership in  non-proliferation and arms control and upgrading its nuclear  arsenal while not developing new nuclear weapons.    The Nuclear Posture Review issued by the Pentagon on Wednesday  puts preventing nuclear proliferation and nuclear terrorism at the top of the U.S. nuclear agenda.    


Russia owns a nuclear arsenal second only to the United States. In disarmament negotiations with the United States, Russia  insisted leveraging arms control against the U.S. missile shield  plan in East Europe.    When the U.S. announced the suspension of the defense plan last September, Russia expressed a wish to make progress on the path of verifiable and irreversible nuclear disarmament. However, it wants to maintain a balance with the U.S. in terms of strategic  offensive arms.    

In addition, Russia puts a strict limit on nuclear material and technology exports, and promotes the denuclearization of the  former Soviet Union region as well as the existing international  non-proliferation system.    


China urges a total ban on and complete destruction of nuclear  weapons, and firmly rejects nuclear proliferation. It pursues the  conclusion of an international legal document to this effect. It  also advocates peaceful use of nuclear power and international  cooperation in this regard.    

China has committed not to initiate the use of nuclear force  under all circumstances, and has undertaken to refrain  unconditionally from using or threatening to use nuclear force  against any non-nuclear states or regions.    


Britain pledged to follow the footsteps of the United States and Russia in disarmament if nuclear weapons were further slashed  in the two countries, but would keep a minimum level of nuclear  deterrence.    

In order to prevent terrorists from accessing nuclear materials, Britain proposed a compromise deal for nuclear and non-nuclear  states, in which Britain promises to provide civilian nuclear  technologies to countries renouncing development of nuclear  programs.    


France seeks to boost its nuclear weapons' accuracy and  capability while maintaining a minimum amount of deterrence.    

France's non-proliferation stance is mainly demonstrated in  President Nicolas Sarkozy's letter to U.N. Secretary-General Ban  Ki-moon, which promotes the universal ratification of CNTBT,  transparent dismantlement of nuclear test facilities, and early  negotiation on prevention of producing fissionable materials.   Enditem