China's top science official yesterday sounded an upbeat note about achieving
the country's green goals - innovatively.
"China is exploring a different way of controlling greenhouse gas (GHS)
emissions. We will not follow the Western countries' way of high emissions first
and then reduction," Minister of Science and Technology Wan Gang said.
China, the world's second-biggest GHG emitter after the United States,
released 5.6 billion tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) equivalent in 2004, according
to the national climate change program.
told a news briefing organized by the State Council Information Office that the
government is working to turn energy-saving targets into goals for CO2
"We are studying techniques and methods for converting this (energy targets)
into goals for cutting carbon dioxide emissions," he said.
Under an ambitious energy-saving blueprint, the country plans to reduce its
energy consumption per unit of gross domestic products (GDP) by 20 percent by
2010 from 2006.
To boost the scientific and technological support for the drive to curb
temperature rise, the ministry yesterday released China's Scientific and
Technological (S&T) Actions on Climate Change.
The document focuses on energy and the environment as key fields of S&T
studies and gives priority to global climate change and policy-making.
"S&T is one of the basic and fundamental approaches to effectively
address climate change," Wan said.
China has spent 4.6 billion yuan ($600 million) since 2006 in the first batch
of S&T projects to combat global warming.
Wan said that the technology studies focus on raising energy efficiency,
developing renewable and clean energy, exploring and burning coal in a clean
way, carbon capture and sequestration, absorbing carbons biologically and
cutting GHG emissions through improved farming modes.
The country will cut carbon emissions per unit of GDP, or carbon intensity,
by 40 percent in 2020 from 2000 and 80 percent in 2050 from 2000, according to
the National Climate Change Assessment Report released last year.
According to the national climate change program, hydropower and coal bed
methane utility will make biggest contribution to emission cuts - by 500 million
tons and 200 million tons of CO2 by 2010.
(China Daily 06/15/2007 page1)