China is actively engaged in developing technologies to battle climate change
and reduce global warming, a senior official said yesterday.
Lu Xuedu, vice-director of the Ministry of Science and Technology's Office of
Global Environment, said the nation has achieved fruitful results in scientific
research through a series of major projects in the past years.
The projects include "Global Climate Change and Environmental Policies",
"Study on Terrestrial Ecosystems Carbon Cycle and its Mechanism in China",
"Research on the Formation Mechanism and Prediction Theory of Severe Climatic
Disasters in China" and "The Trend and Influence of China's Climate and Sea
His remarks come at a time when climate change is a hot topic at the ongoing
G8 summit in Germany.
The National Mid-term and Long-term Science and Technology Development Plan
(2006-20) issued in February last year and the National Climate Change Program
released on Sunday have set the goal of developing climate change technologies.
A relatively complete atmosphere observation network is in place and the
satellite environmental monitoring system is being improved.
Besides, China has actively participated in international science and
technology collaboration to tackle global warming.
Lu said China would focus on developing technologies for precise climate
monitoring, energy-efficient resources, greenhouse gas emission control to slow
down climate change.
Lu said climate change can have a severely negative influence on agriculture
and animal husbandry, ecosystems, water resources and coastal regions.
For example, warming will turn more semi-arid regions in West China into
deserts and considerably reduce wetland areas in the Sanjiang Plain in Northeast
It will result in degeneration of frozen soil on the Tibet-Qinghai Plateau,
threatening major projects such as the Qinghai-Tibet Railway.
Climate change will also speed up shrinking of inland lakes and aggravate
water shortage. The sea level rising will bring more floods and damage costal
regions' ecosystem. Electricity consumption will rise sharply as more air
conditioners are needed because of warming.
Zhang Chenyi, a senior researcher with the China Meteorological
Administration, said the government should take effective measures to reduce
emission of greenhouse gases to avoid climate disasters.
Zhang said clean energies, including solar energy and wind power, should
enjoy priority development.
(China Daily 06/08/2007 page2)