Lawmakers to speed up legislation on social issues
Updated: 2007-03-11 16:44
China's top legislature, the
National People's Congress (NPC), will intensify its legislation focusing on
social affairs this year, China's top legislator Wu Bangguo said Sunday. ( Wu Bangguo's Work Report)
Wu Bangguo, chairman of the Standing
Committee of the 10th National People's Congress, delivers a report on the
work of the NPC in the Great Hall of the People in Beijing March 11, 2007.
"While continuing work to
improve economic legislation, we must also concentrate on strengthening
legislation related to social programs to provide a solid legal foundation for
building a harmonious socialist society and to ensure attainment of the
legislative goal of the 10th NPC," Wu said.
The NPC Standing Committee chairman unveiled the legislative plan for 2007
when delivering a report on the work of the 10th NPC Standing Committee at the
legislature's annual full session.
The main legislative tasks this year
include enacting the Law on Labor Contracts, Employment Promotion Law, Social
Security Law, Law on Mediation and Arbitration of Labor Disputes, Law on
Administrative Decrees, Law on Response to Emergencies, Antitrust Law, Law on
State-Owned Assets, Law to Combat Illegal Drugs, Law to Curb Illegal Activities,
Law on Urban and Rural Planning, and Circular Economy Law.
In addition, the
legislature will revise the Law on Scientific and Technological Progress, Civil
Procedure Law, Criminal Procedure Law, Law on Food Hygiene, Law on Energy
Conservation, and Law on Attorneys, according Wu.
"We have noticed that
a large proportion of the laws planned to be enacted or revised in 2007 target
at regulating social affairs, " said Fu Yonglin, an NPC deputy from Sichuan
For example, the draft employment promotion law, which was
submitted to the NPC Standing Committee for reading in February, prohibits
discrimination against job seekers despite their ethnicity, race, gender,
religious belief, age or physical disability. And the governments above the
county level are required to establish early warning systems to prevent,
regulate and control possible cases of large-scale unemployment.
draft law is urgently needed as the employment situation at present and in a
long period to come is not optimistic, said Fu.
Wu Bangguo said the
current NPC and its Standing Committee will achieve the goal of basically
establishing a socialist legal system with Chinese characteristics and improving
the quality of legislation before the current five-year legislative tenure ends
in next March.
"Over the last four years, we passed amendments to the
Constitution, the Anti-Secession Law, and formulated or revised 70 laws,
judicial interpretations and legal decisions concerning legal issues,...thereby
making very good progress in legislative work," the top legislator said.
China is in a critical period of reform and development, in which
China's economic system and social structure, the interests of different sectors
of society and people's thinking and concepts are all changing profoundly, he
"These unprecedented social changes provide very strong vitality
for China's development, but they inevitably create a wide variety of conflicts
and problems as well," Wu said, adding that the legislation work should always
adhere to correct political direction and the principle of putting people first,
base on China's actual conditions and realities and follow the mass line.
14 LAWS ADOPTED IN 2006
The NPC Standing
Committee deliberated 24 draft laws and draft decisions on legal issues in 2006.
Among them 14 were adopted and five were tabled to the ongoing annual session of
NPC for deliberating.
The Law on Oversight, which is strongly political
in nature, is related to the country's political system and system of
government. Formulation of the Law on Oversight was one of the major legislative
acts of the NPC. Work actually began on this law at the Sixth NPC and continued
for the following two decades. The law was adopted last year.
The Law on
Oversight "fully embodies the organic unity of the leadership of the Party, the
position of the people as masters of the country and the running of the
government according to the rule of law; correctly balances stronger oversight
by people's congresses with the leadership of the Party;...upholds the
principles of democratic centralism, collective exercise of functions and
powers, collective decision making and acting in accordance with the law and
prescribed procedures..." said Wu.
The NPC Standing Committee in August
2006 adopted the Corporate Bankruptcy Law, aiming to protect both creditors of
bankrupt enterprises and the people who work in them. The law will come into
effect on June 1, 2007.
The old bankruptcy rules, promulgated in 1986 on
a test basis, were widely regarded as outdated as they fail to give sufficient
protection to creditors and only touch on State-owned enterprises (SOE).
The new Corporate Bankruptcy Law applies to all kinds of enterprises and
financial institutions. All the country's companies and enterprises, whether
state-owned or private, will have to follow a unified corporate bankruptcy law
if they founder.
In a bid to safeguard children's fundamental interests
and ensure their healthy growth, the NPC Standing Committee revised Compulsory
Education Law and Law on Protection to Minors last year.
laws passed or revised last year include Anti- money Laundering Law, Banking
Oversight and Management Law, and Organic Law of the People's Court, among
According to the revised Organic Law of the People's Court, the
Supreme People's Court retrieved the right to review death penalty cases. This
was widely regarded as an important step to ensure judicial justice.
|The Supreme People's Court will send back cases to provincial courts for retrial if it evaluates that a death sentence has been passed without proper .
||In the Limelight