The yuan strengthened to a record high against the US dollar on the first trading day of the year, to reach 6.6215 per dollar.
Chinese shares opened higher on the first trading day of the new year on Tuesday, with the benchmark Shanghai Composite Index up 0.61 percent to 2,825.33 at the opening.
A record number of shares were traded on the Hong Kong stock exchange in 2010.
Hong Kong stocks went up 400.6 points, or 1.74 percent, to close at 23,436.05 on Monday.
Commodities led gains last year as stocks, bonds, the dollar and raw materials rose together for the first time since 2005 after the global economic recovery proved resilient.
China's stocks rose on Friday, paring the worst annual loss among major global equity markets, as metal prices rallied and investors speculated the declines of 2010 were excessive given the outlook for the nation's economy.
The ChiNext Index, launched by the Shenzhen Stock Exchange (SSE) on June 1, climbed 20.45 points, or 1.83 percent, to close at 1,137.66 Friday.
China's stock index futures closed up Friday with the contract for January 2011, the most actively traded, up 1.91 percent from the previous trading day to end at 3,157 points.
Chinese equities posted large gains on the last trading day of 2010, with the benchmark Shanghai Composite Index up 1.76 percent, or 48.5 points, to close at 2,808.08 points on Friday.
Hong Kong stocks closed up 36.11 points, or 0.16 percent, at 23,035.45 on Friday.
Copper surged to records in London and New York on speculation the global recovery is gaining pace and as investor concerns about tightening in China eased after manufacturing growth in the world's largest metals user slowed.
Rubber extended gains to post a second straight annual advance on concern that a shortage may worsen early next year as top exporter Thailand enters a low-production period known as wintering.