United Nations - South Korean diplomat Ban Ki-moon
became the United Nations' eighth secretary-general on New Year's Day as the
organization faced a tough array of global issues -- from escalating
violence in Darfur to the AIDS pandemic.
Ban Ki-moon, left, newly appointed
Secretary General of the United Nations shakes the hand of Kofi Annan ,
Secretary General of the U.N., after a meeting of the General Assembly at
U.N. headquarters in New York, in this Oct. 13, 2006 file photo.
The 62-year-old career diplomat, who grew up during a war that left his
country divided, has promised to make peace with North Korea a top priority.
He will travel there when necessary, he has said, and has cautioned that the
North must be talked to -- not just punished with sanctions for its
nuclear weapons program.
The United States is certain to press Ban to expand management reforms at the
United Nations, which outgoing Secretary-General Kofi Annan began.
The 192-member General Assembly, which controls the UN budget and oversees
its management, has been reluctant to institute changes that Annan and many
experts say are essential to modernize the 61-year-old world body.
In a speech after taking his oath of office Dec. 14, Ban said he will work to
build "a more peaceful, more prosperous and more just world for succeeding
His first priority, he said, will be to restore trust in the United Nations,
whose reputation has been battered by the oil-for-food scandal in Iraq,
corruption in the UN's purchasing operations and sexual abuse by UN
"I will seek to act as a harmonizer and bridge-builder," Ban said. "And I
hope to become known ... as a secretary-general who is accessible, hardworking,
and prepared to listen attentively."
Ban officially became secretary-general at the stroke of midnight, but no
official ceremony was scheduled.
He won't get to move into his official residence, an 85-year-old neo-Georgian
town house on New York's fashionable Sutton Place, due to renovations, the first
The General Assembly recently approved US$4.9 million to modernize the
residence's heating, air conditioning, plumbing, kitchen and security. The work
is expected to take about nine months.
Ban defeated six other candidates for UN chief and won final approval from
the General Assembly in October. Since then, he has been meeting with a wide
range of people inside and outside the UN to prepare for the job.
On Sunday, Ban announced his first two appointments. He named veteran Indian
diplomat Vijay Nambiar as his chief of staff, and award-winning Haitian
journalist Michele Montas as his spokeswoman.
Ban said in a statement Sunday that he will make more appointments in the
coming days. The most important will be his choice for deputy
secretary-general -- widely expected to be a woman from a developing
The new secretary-general's first day at UN headquarters will be Tuesday,
when he plans to meet with UN staff after an official welcome and sit for his
Ban will be the first Asian to lead the organization in 35 years. It also
will mark a milestone for South Korea, which only joined the United Nations in
1991 and still has UN troops on the tense border with North