Work Report

Full text: Report on China's economic, social development plan

Updated: 2013-03-19 20:22

10. We will endeavor to ensure and improve the people's wellbeing.

1) We will implement the plan for developing the national basic public service system in the Twelfth Five-Year Plan period, and move faster to adopt a holistic approach in developing the system in urban and rural areas and different regions.

2) We will continue to follow the strategy of prioritizing employment and to implement a more active employment policy. We will make full use of government investment and major projects in stimulating employment. We will improve the public employment service system in urban and rural areas; implement and improve the policy for encouraging employment and entrepreneurship of university graduates; strengthen professional skills training for rural migrant workers, the unemployed, and those who experience difficulty finding jobs; and improve the employment assistance system.

3) We will push forward the development of social security systems for urban and rural residents in a holistic way. We will promote the integration of the basic old-age insurance systems for rural and non-working urban residents and improve connections between all types of urban and rural old-age insurance. We will increase basic pensions for enterprise retirees; financial support for childless and infirm rural residents who receive subsidies for food, clothing, medical care, housing, and burial expenses; special care and preferential treatment for entitled groups; subsistence allowances for urban and rural residents; and government subsidies for medical insurance for non-working urban residents and the new type of rural cooperative medical care system. We will improve the social assistance system and establish a sound social welfare system. We will ensure social security services at the community level are carried out better. We will energetically promote service programs and industries for the elderly, and improve the social security and service systems for the disabled. In 2013, urban population to be covered by basic old-age, unemployment, and workers' compensation insurance will increase by 3.1%, 1%, and 2.7%, respectively, rural population under the new type of old-age insurance scheme will increase by 3.7%, and the number of urban residents covered by basic medical insurance will be roughly the same as last year.

4) We will work hard to develop government-subsidized housing and regulate the real estate market. We will make greater efforts to build and manage government-subsidized housing, encourage and attract nongovernmental capital into the construction of government-subsidized housing, and promptly set up a personal housing information system. We will increase land supply for housing construction, and provide more ordinary small and medium-sized condominiums. We will continue to implement differentiated housing credit and tax policies, and limit home purchases to rein in speculative and investment-driven housing demand.

5) We will advance education of all types and at all levels at a faster pace. We will support the construction of rural kindergartens in the central and western regions, promote balanced development of compulsory education, improve infrastructure of secondary vocational education, reinvigorate higher education in the central and western regions, and improve the quality of teachers for special education schools as well as teaching conditions. In 2013, the retention rate of nine-year compulsory education will reach 92.3% and the gross enrollment ratio for senior secondary education will reach 86%, and plans call for enrolling 6.94 million undergraduate students and 608,000 graduate students in regular institutions of higher learning.

6) We will improve the people's health. We will improve the system of urban and rural medical and public health services, the system of children's medical services, and infrastructure of institutions for preventing and controlling major diseases. We will support development of traditional Chinese medicine and ethnic minority medicine. We will fully carry out the pilot project to insure against 20 serious diseases.*We will improve the population and family planning service system, and strengthen work concerning maternity and child care. In 2013, hospitals and health clinics will provide 3.98 beds per 1,000 people, up 6.7%.(* They are childhood leukemia, congenital heart disease in children, uremia, breast cancer, cervical cancer, holergasia, drug-resistant tuberculosis, opportunistic AIDS and HIV infection, lung cancer, esophagus cancer, gastric cancer, colon cancer, rectal cancer, chronic myeloid leukemia, acute myocardial infarction, cerebral infarction, hemophilia, type 1 diabetes, hyperthyroidism, and cheilopalatognathus.)

7) We will vigorously develop cultural programs and industries. We will continue to advance key cultural projects for the public such as the extension of radio and television coverage to all villages, the construction of public cultural facilities at the prefecture level, the national cultural information resource sharing project, the Tibet-Xinjiang Project to extend radio coverage in the western region, and the project to build small libraries in rural areas. We will develop a system for carrying forward fine traditional culture and continue to carry out special projects to develop facilities for preserving national cultural and natural heritage sites. We will promote development of philosophy and the social sciences. We will improve tourism infrastructure. We will move faster to establish a public service system for promoting the national fitness program.

8) We will enhance and make innovations in social management. We will improve the community service system, improve the training of professional social workers, and help urban and rural communities better provide public services and conduct social management. We will properly deal with people's legitimate and reasonable complaints; work harder on public order, workplace safety, food and drug safety oversight, and emergency response management; and resolutely set right all actions that harm people' s interests so as to safeguard social harmony and stability.

We will continue to increase exchanges and cooperation between the mainland and the Hong Kong and Macao special administrative regions. We will further implement the Closer Economic Partnership Arrangement between them, and promote the liberalization of service trade. We will support Hong Kong in cultivating emerging and advantageous industries and in further consolidating its position as an international financial, trade, and shipping center. We will support Macao in developing itself into a world center of tourism and recreation and in appropriately diversifying its economy. We will consolidate and strengthen the political, economic, cultural and social foundation for peaceful growth of relations between the two sides of the Taiwan Straits, push forward the follow-up talks on and implementation of the Cross-Straits Economic Cooperation Framework Agreement, and keep improving cross-Straits economic, trade, and industrial cooperation.

Follow deputies,

Successfully completing all the work for economic and social development in 2013 will be an arduous task and a great responsibility for us. We will unite closer around the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as General Secretary; hold high the great banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics; and follow the guidance of Deng Xiaoping Theory, the important thought of Three Represents, and the Scientific Outlook on Development. We will voluntarily accept the guidance and oversight of the NPC, and seek comments and suggestions from the CPPCC National Committee members with an open mind. Let us work hard, take solid and tangible actions, and make arduous efforts to promote sustainable and sound economic growth and achieve new victories in finishing building a moderately prosperous society in all respects.

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