BEIJING - China said Wednesday it will cut the number of small, loosely
regulated food producers by half as it struggles to salvage its reputation as a
The country's food and drug agency also announced stricter rules for
approving new drugs, a day after its former head was executed for accepting
bribes to approve untested medicine.
The measures are part of China's efforts to clarify regulations, tighten
enforcement and clean up corruption.
Small-scale food producers have been accused of unsanitary production
conditions, using tainted or substandard ingredients and failing to register
In a mandate issued Tuesday, China's food safety watchdog said small-scale
producers will have to renovate their operations to meet hygiene standards or be
Many will not survive and their numbers are expected to be halved by 2009,
with all properly certified by 2012, the General Administration of Quality
Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine said on its Web site.
The regulations also target the use of recycled ingredients, unapproved
additives, and banned substances.
Additionally, starting in September all food exported from China will have an
inspection and quarantine symbol to guarantee safety, the administration said.
Inspection agencies at all levels need to recognize that "the process will
take a long time and the work is complicated and difficult," the notice said.
It did not specify how it defines a small-scale producer, or give other
details. Chinese media have said that about three-quarters of the country's
roughly one million registered food-processing operations are small and
privately owned. That does not include those that are unregistered.
Chinese authorities announced last month that they had closed 180 food
factories since December after inspectors found formaldehyde, illegal dyes and
industrial wax being used to make candy, pickles, crackers and seafood. All had
fewer than 10 employees.
Another regulating agency said it shut 152,000 unlicensed food producers and
retailers last year for making and selling fake and low-quality products.
According to the notice posted Wednesday, the quality administration said
about half - or 223,297 - factories it inspected nationwide were not
completely certified. Another 164,149 had no certificate at all, it said.
Most manufactured commonly consumed food like rice, wheat powder, soybeans,
wine and cooking oil.
Importers of Chinese goods, especially the United States, have grown
extremely wary as the list of products tainted with deadly toxins and
dangerously high levels of chemicals grows each day.
Amid such concerns, the execution of Zheng Xiaoyu, who headed the State Food
and Drug Administration from 1997 to 2005, was the strongest indication yet of
Beijing's determination to improve product safety.
In a commentary, the Communist Party's mouthpiece People's Daily newspaper
said Zheng's execution was warranted because of the serious consequences of
approving untested medicine in return for millions of yuan (dollars, euros) in
cash and gifts.
"He damaged the interests of the country and the people to a large extent,"
the newspaper said.
Bogus drugs approved by Zheng included an antibiotic blamed in the deaths of
at least 10 people.
Wu Zhen, the administration's vice director, said new regulations on drug
approvals will take effect in October.