The average life span of citizens of Shanghai
last year hit 80.97 years, up from 80.13 in 2005, according to figures released
yesterday by Shanghai Health Bureau.
The death rate for infants was 4.01 in every 1,000 live births, and 8.31 in
every 100,000 for women pregnant or in labor - meeting the standard for
developed countries, officials said.
City medical staff treated 115 million outpatient and emergency cases and
performed 569,500 inpatient surgeries last year, both setting new records.
In 2006, there were 2,519 health facilities with 138,000 medical
professionals working in the city.
"Authorities have spent a lot of effort in controlling diseases. The
incidence of serious infectious diseases last year was 204.07 in every 100,000
people - a low level," said health bureau official Song Guofan. "Moreover, 99.31
percent of children were able to receive free vaccinations against diseases."
The top 10 causes of death were cardiovascular diseases, tumors, respiratory
diseases, injury and poisoning, endocrine and nutritional-metabolic disorders,
digestive system diseases, infectious diseases and parasitic diseases, mental
diseases, genito-urinary disease, and diseases of the nervous system.
In addition, local health officials detected 9,929 cases of irregular and
illegal medical practice, confiscating goods and issuing 12.9 million yuan
(US$1.69 million) in fines. Officials closed 2,493 underground medical clinics
and withdrew the licenses of three hospitals. Illegal medical advertisements
also dropped from 60.63 percent in the previous year to 1.41 percent after
tightening administration to avoid advertisements misleading patients.
Officials said the bureau will soon release statistics on different levels of
hospitals' practice, patients' medical costs and patients' satisfaction with
medical services for 2006.