Lawyer Sadahiko Sakaguchi (C) holds
up a banner reading "unjust ruling" as supporters of plaintiffs hold
portraits of Chinese plaintiffs Hou Qiaolian (L) and Guo Xicui after the
judgement in front of the Supreme Court in Tokyo April 27, 2007. Two
Chinese women who were kidnapped and forced to provide sex for Japanese
soldiers during World War Two lost their case for compensation at Japan's
Supreme Court on Friday. [Reuters]
The contrast between official and societal attitudes of Germany and Japan
toward lingering war issues shows how much the latter is still in denial and
refuses to accept its share of responsibility, say analysts.
The comments came as Germany on Tuesday formally completed its payments
program for people coerced to work for the Nazi while Japan's top court recently
rejected an appeal by Chinese citizens seeking government compensation for using
them as wartime slave laborers.
Jin Xide, a
researcher with the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, said Germany had chosen
a path of reconciliation by actively settling wartime forced-labor accounts
while Japan has taken a different approach.
He said: "Germany expressed deep remorse for the past through legislation as
well as administrative methods, which are very effective".
A Berlin-based foundation called Remembrance, Responsibility and the Future
has paid more than 4.37 billion euros ($5.83 billion) to 1.7 million former
slave laborers or their descendents in more than 100 countries since it was
founded seven years ago.
"Many of the prisoners didn't survive this martyrdom, and the ones who did
are physically and mentally marked. They could barely overcome the trauma from
these inhumane times," German Chancellor Angela Merkel said during a ceremony in
Berlin to commemorate the completion of payments.
It marked a milestone when "it has finally been possible to grant many former
slave laborers the humanitarian aid they were promised," she said.
German companies paid half of the 10.1 billion deutsche marks ($6.9 billion)
to the fund while the German government provided the rest.
"The law establishing the fund was intended to make up for a failure,"
Michael Jansen, the fund's chief executive officer, said in a statement.
"Together with German industry, the German parliament acknowledged the moral
and political responsibility for Nazi victims and for the people forced into
slave labor by the Nazi regime." The fund will continue to operate and will
support educational and humanitarian projects in the countries which have
suffered most under the Nazis.
While Germany is putting a full stop to its invasion history and moving
forward, Japan's actions are starkly inadequate, he said.
Jin said the lack of legislation, the political atmosphere and public support
have decided Japan's attitude toward history.
"Shirking historical responsibility makes it impossible for Japan to get rid
of the shadow of the war forever," Jin said.
The ruling by Japan's Supreme Court said the plaintiffs could not seek
compensation because a 20-year statute of limitations had expired and the
current government was not responsible for the wrongdoings of leaders who
followed the wartime constitution.
Agencies contributed to the story
(China Daily 06/14/2007 page2)