BEIJING -- The Chinese government will continue to curb excessive growth of
steel exports to reduce energy consumption and cut pollution, said the country's
economic planner in a report issued on Wednesday.
"Exporting low-end steel products that devour a lot of energy and contaminate
the environment is by no means acceptable," said the report from the National
Development and Reform Commission (NDRC).
The steel industry accounts for 15 percent of the country's total energy
consumption and discharges 14 percent of the total pollutants, according to the
On May 21, the government imposed export tariffs of five to 10 percent on
more than 80 steel products, including steel wire, sheet and plate, and raised
export tariffs from 10 to 15 percent on primary commodities such as steel
billets, ingots and pig iron from June 1.
The government also scrapped or lowered a range of export rebates in April to
curtail mounting exports and curb excessive production.
"It may take for a while before the measures take effect and current demand
for steel remains high in the global market," said the report, indicating fast
growth of steel export would continue.
The NDRC called for close monitoring of the effects of the policies and
reiterated the principle of developing the steel industry based on domestic
Analysts believe the policies would fail to reduce exports in the short run,
but would probably start to take effect from July.
Export figures for May would still be "striking", said Zhou Xizeng and Li
Hongliang, of CITIC Securities, as steel firms aimed to boost exports in
anticipation of stricter controls.
As the world's largest exporter of steel products, China exported more 20
million tons in the first four months, and some consulting firms estimate this
year's exports at around 30 million tons.