A Chinese satellite is expected to orbit Mars in 2009, thanks to an agreement
the country signed with Russia on Monday.
During President Hu Jintao's current visit to Moscow, the two countries
agreed to stage a joint unmanned mission to the red planet and one of its moons
in two years, the China National Space Administration said Tuesday in Beijing.
The agreement represents a "milestone" in the history of space cooperation
between the two neighbors, the agency said in a statement.
"It indicates the two sides have taken a key step forward to working together
on a large space program."
According to the agreement, a micro-satellite developed by China will be
launched along with "Phobos Explorer", the Russia spacecraft, atop a Russian
rocket in 2009.
A timetable was not mentioned, but earlier Russian reports said the launch
window for the 10-11 month voyage to Phobos, a Martian moon, will be October
Phobos became a satellite of Mars millions of years ago, so studying material
from the asteroid will give scientists information on the origins of the solar
system and of Earth, the Russian news agency RIA Novosti cited Russian Academy
of Sciences member Mikhail Marov as saying.
After entering Mars' orbit, the Chinese micro-satellite will be detached from
the Russian spacecraft, and probe the Martian space environment, according to
The "Phobos Explorer" spacecraft, with some equipment developed by the Hong
Kong Polytechnic University, will land on the Martian moon and return to Earth
with soil samples.
Monday's agreement was signed by the China National Space Administration head
Sun Laiyan and the Russian Federal Space Agency chief Anatoly Perminov and
witnessed by the two countries' presidents.
Last year, the Russian space chief revealed that his country would work
"closely" with China on lunar exploration.
Youriy Nosenko, deputy chief of the Russian space agency, told a press
conference in Beijing last November that Russia regards China as a "partner" in
space exploration, and the two sides have shown interest in a lunar project.
China has started a three-stage moon exploration project, including sending a
lunar orbiter some time this year, followed by a soft landing in 2012 and the
return of lunar samples in another five years.