China faces a major challenge in meeting its goal of creating 9 million jobs
this year, a senior official admitted yesterday.
Tian Chengping, Minister of Labor and Social Security, speaks
at a press conference on China's employment situation in the Great Hall of
the People March 13, 2007. [Xinhua]
"Based on the current employment situation, the country faces huge job
pressure and a grim market in the coming few years," Tian Chengping, minister of
labor and social security, said on the sidelines of the ongoing session of the
National People's Congress.
The continuing reform of State-owned enterprises will create a huge number of
laid-off workers, who will find it difficult to find new jobs, he said.
Moreover, about 5 million college graduates, the largest number in history,
will enter the job market this year, in addition to surplus rural laborers
swarming into cities for work, Tian said.
from education departments showed that around 30 percent graduates could not
find jobs upon graduation, he said.
Tian estimated that there will be 24 million job seekers this year, but only
half will find a job.
Despite this, the country hopes to keep the registered urban unemployment
rate below 4.6 percent, Premier Wen Jiabao said in his government work report on
To alleviate the strain, the government will strengthen training and improve
public services for job seekers.
Tian brushed aside concerns that some booming coastal regions such as
Guangdong and Fujian provinces are facing a labor shortage.
"It mainly reflects a structural problem. As these prosperous regions upgrade
their industrial structure, they need more skilled workers," he said. However,
migrant workers from rural areas usually don't meet the requirements.
|Related comment:24 million
needs to be oriented toward the needs of the market, and universities need
to adjust their specializations and curriculums to turn out graduates that
can meet the needs of society.
"The market mechanism will come into play; it can be a better job opportunity
for workers, and could help them get raises in salary and other perks," he
Zheng Chenggong, professor at Renmin University of China, said the central
government should formulate policies such as guiding graduates to seek jobs in
less developed central and western parts of the country.
(China Daily 03/14/2007 page1)