China's procurator-general said in Beijing on Tuesday that Chinese
procuratorial organs approved arrests of 891,620 criminal suspects and
prosecuted 999,086 people in 2006, which helped create a sound legal environment
for the country's economic and social development.
"We have continued to give priority to maintaining social stability and
cracking down on criminal offenses," said Jia Chunwang, procurator-general of
the Supreme People's Procuratorate (SPP), in a report on the SPP's work in the
To strike hard on mafia-like criminal cliques, the procuratorial organs
issued a total of 18,446 arrest warrants to people suspected of getting involved
in such cliques, and prosecuted 8,343 such people, Jia told the nearly 3,000
lawmakers attending the annual full session of the National People's Congress,
China's top legislature.
A number of government employees were investigated and punished for having
served as a "safety umbrella" for the criminal cliques, said the
procurator-general, without giving the specific number.
The procuratorial organs also strengthened judicial protection of
intellectual property rights (IPR) last year, approving the arrests of 3,729
people suspected of IPR violations and prosecuting 3,634, an increase of 16.7
percent and 12.6 percent respectively over the previous year.
The procuratorial organs also approved the arrests of 7,974 people suspected
of damaging the environment and resources, and prosecuted 12,240, up 15.4
percent and 24.8 percent respectively, said Jia.
According to the top prosecutor, 40,041 government employees were probed by
prosecutors in 2006 for 33,669 cases involving corruption, bribery and
dereliction of duty, of whom 29,966 were brought to court.
The procuratorial organs investigated a total of 18,241 major job-related
criminal cases, 623 of them each involving graft and bribery of more than 1
million yuan (US$128,000).
Last year, Jia said, Chinese prosecutors investigated 2,736 government
officials above the county level, including 202 at the prefecture level and six
at the provincial or ministerial level.
In a report on the work of the Supreme People's Court delivered to the
lawmakers prior to Jia's report, top judge Xiao Yang said Chinese courts
sentenced 825 government officials above the county level, including 9
provincial- and ministerial-level officials, after convicting them of
job-related crimes in the past year.
The procuratorial organs also collaborated with the police to apprehend 1,670
fugitives suspected of job-related crimes in 2006, a sharp increase of 137.6
percent year on year, Jia said.
Crackdown on commercial bribery was intensified in 2006, he said, adding that
a total of 9,582 commercial bribery cases involving government employees were
investigated, involving more than 1.5 billion yuan.
As a result of tightened legal supervision over the litigation process, the
procuratorial organs in 2006 corrected illegally prolonged detention cases
involving 233 people, and lodged 3,161 protests against wrong criminal verdicts
of the court.
"A total of 2,987 judicial workers were probed for power abuse and taking
bribes," said the procurator-general.
Jia spoke highly of the convening of first annual conference of the
International Association of Anti-Corruption Authorities ( IAACA) in China last
The SPP was one of the sponsors for the launching of the IAACA, which would
play as a "new platform for our country's international cooperation in the fight
against corruption," Jia told the lawmakers.
The procuratorial organs handled a total of 477,596 petitions submitted
through letters and visits from the general public in 2006.
Jia went on to point out problems that remain in the work of Chinese
"The role of procuratorial organs in exercising legal supervision was not
brought into full play, while some problems concerning unfair law enforcement
remained unsettled," he said.
Jia promised that this year the procuratorial organs will earnestly perform
their duty of legal supervision and put themselves under the scrutiny of
people's congresses at all levels and the whole society.