The six countries in talks to end the Democratic People's Republic of Korea's
(DPRK) nuclear weapons programs yesterday agreed on specific disarming steps
from Pyongyang in return for aid.
Under the deal, the DPRK will begin initial steps toward denuclearization
within 60 days of the announcement of the agreement.
The Republic of Korea (ROK), China, the United States and Russia but not
Japan will provide 50,000 tons of fuel oil or an equivalent value of economic or
humanitarian aid in return.
The DPRK will shut down its Yongbyon nuclear complex, including its 5
megawatt reactor and its plutonium reprocessing plant, within the 60 days and
seal all facilities there.
It will also accept International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) inspectors back
to the site within the 60 days.
These steps would ensure that the DPRK's ability to produce weapons-grade
plutonium is disabled.
Path to denuclerization
The DPRK will subsequently complete measures to "disable" its nuclear
programs and receive 950,000 tons of fuel oil, or the equivalent value in the
form of economic or humanitarian aid, from the four countries.
The measures to disable the nuclear programs include:
The DRPK providing a complete list of its nuclear programs, including the
inventory of its plutonium stockpile.
The DPRK disabling all its nuclear facilities, including its
graphite-moderated reactors and reprocessing facilities.
The steps for now do not involve the provision of 2,000 megawatt-hours of
electricity that the ROK pledged in a September 2005 deal reached by the six
countries. That is reserved for after the completion of denuclearisation in the
The electricity, at an estimated cost of $8.55 billion over 10 years, would
double the DPRK's current output.
The US will initiate, under a separate bilateral forum, a process to remove
the DPRK from its list of state sponsors of terrorism within 60 days. The US
will also begin the process of removing trade sanctions.
With the completion of the initial steps, the foreign ministers of the six
countries will meet to assess the implementation of the September 2005 deal and
discuss security cooperation in Northeast Asia.
The direct parties to the Korean War armistice will meet in a separate forum
to negotiate a permanent peace regime on the Korean Peninsula.
The deal will also see five working-level groups set up to further discuss
issues of importance for the Korean Peninsula.
China will lead a group to discuss the peninsula's further denuclearization.
Other groups will discuss the normalization of US-DPRK relations, the
normalization of Japan-DPRK relations, economic and energy cooperation with the
DPRK a group to be headed by the ROK and establishing a mechanism for peace and
stability in Northeast Asia a group to be headed by Russia.
A new round of the Six-Party Talks will be held on March 19.
(China Daily 02/14/2007 page2)