The Chinese government has shown sincerity and transparency in responding to
international concern with its detailed explanation of defense expenditure, a
military expert said in Beijing Friday.
In a defense white paper released Friday, the government detailed the
composition of defense expenditure, the increase of the expenditure, and the
reasons for the increase.
"We believe that the white paper will give the international community a
relatively objective and comprehensive picture of the increase of China's
national defense expenditure," said Zhang Bangdong, director of the Foreign
Affairs Office of the Ministry of National Defense.
"The increase in national defense expenditure is reasonable, necessary and
open and there are no secrets or attempts at concealment," Zhang said.
"It has shown the government's utmost sincerity in detailing the expenditure
of China's national defense, an issue of high concern among the international
community, with high transparency, " Zhang Jing'en, a military expert said.
Defense expenditure in 2004 was 220 billion yuan, an annual growth of 15.31
percent, rising 12.5 percent to 247.49 billion yuan in 2005, and the budget for
2006 was 283.83 billion yuan (35.5 billion U.S. dollars).
"China saw a rise in defense expenditure after it moved from low-input for
self-preservation to serving the country's overall economic development," Zhang
"However, China's annual defense expenditure as a proportion of GDP and of
the state financial expenditure has decreased and both the total amount and
per-serviceman share of defense expenditure is low compared with developed
countries," Zhang said.
According to the white paper on China's National Defense issued Friday, in
2005, defense expenditure equaled 6.19 percent of that of the United States,
52.95 percent of the United Kingdom's, 71.45 percent of France's and 67.52
percent of Japan's. China's spending per serviceman averaged 107,607 yuan,
amounting to 3.74 percent of that of the United States and 7.07 percent of that
Spending mainly comprises expenses for personnel, training and maintenance,
and equipment, the paper says.