The Information Office of the
State Council published a white paper titled "China's National Defense in 2006"
here Friday. Following is the full text:
China's National Defense in 2006
Information Office of the State Council of the People's
Republic of China
December 2006, Beijing
To uphold world peace, promote common development and seek cooperation and
win-win is the common wish of the people around the world and an irresistible
trend of our times. Committed to peace, development and cooperation, China
pursues a road of peaceful development, and endeavors to build, together with
other countries, a harmonious world of enduring peace and common prosperity.
Never before has China been so closely bound up with the rest of the world as
it is today. The Chinese government works to advance both the fundamental
interests of the Chinese people and the common interests of the peoples of the
rest of the world, and pursues a defense policy which is purely defensive in
nature. China's national defense, in keeping with and contributing to the
country's development and security strategies, aims at maintaining national
security and unity, and ensuring the realization of the goal of building a
moderately prosperous society in an all-round way. China is determined to remain
a staunch force for global peace, security and stability.
China's national defense and military modernization, conducted on the basis
of steady economic development, is the requirement of keeping up with new trends
in the global revolution and development in military affairs, and of maintaining
China's national security and development. China will not engage in any arms
race or pose a military threat to any other country. At the new stage in the new
century, we will take the scientific development outlook as an important guiding
principle for the building of national defense and military affairs, vigorously
advance the revolution in military affairs with Chinese features, and strive to
realize an all-round, coordinated and sustainable development in our country's
national defense and military capabilities.
I. The Security Environment
Peace and development remain the principal themes in today's world, and the
overall international security environment remains stable. But, uncertainties
and destabilizing factors are on the increase, and new challenges and threats
are continuously emerging.
World peace and security face more opportunities than challenges. The world
is at a critical stage, moving toward multi-polarity. Progress is expected in
addressing the serious imbalances in the international strategic alignment. The
major international forces compete with and hold each other in check. But, they
also maintain coordination and practical cooperation in their mutual
relationships, and draw on each other's strengths. Some major developing
countries and regional groupings have grown in power, and the developing world
as a whole is becoming stronger. Economic globalization accelerates and science
and technology make rapid progress; there are profound changes in the
international division of labor, global and regional economic cooperation is
being vigorously promoted, leading to increasing interdependence among
countries. More dialogues are being conducted on traditional security issues,
and cooperation in non-traditional security is developing in depth. To address
development and security issues through coordination, cooperation and
multilateral mechanism is the preferred approach of the international community.
The United Nations' status and role in world affairs are being upheld and
strengthened. World wars or all-out confrontation between major countries are
avoidable for the foreseeable future.
The international community is increasingly facing comprehensive, diverse and
complex security threats. The world is not yet peaceful. Political, economic and
security problems and geographical, ethnic and religious contradictions are
interconnected and complex. Hegemonism and power politics remain key factors
undermining international security. Non-traditional security threats present
greater danger, and local turmoil caused by war is on and off, and some hotspots
cannot be removed in a short time. The impact of economic globalization is
spreading into the political, security and social fields. Global economic
development is uneven, and the gap between the North and the South is widening.
Security issues related to energy, resources, finance, information and
international shipping routes are mounting. International terrorist forces
remain active, shocking terrorist acts keep occurring. Natural disasters,
serious communicable diseases, environmental degradation, international crime
and other transnational problems are becoming more damaging in nature.
A revolution in military affairs is developing in depth worldwide. Military
competition based on informationization is intensifying. There has not been
major change in the imbalances in relative military strength. Some developed
countries have increased their input into the military and speeded up R&D of
high-tech weaponry to gain military superiority. Many developing countries are
also upgrading their armaments and modernizing their military forces. The
situation regarding the non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction remains
grave and complex. The international non-proliferation regime faces major
challenges. The practice of a small number of countries that have intensified
their military alliances and resorted to force or threats of force in
international affairs has shown new developments, which hinder efforts to
improve international security.
The overall security environment in the Asia-Pacific region remains stable.
The regional economy maintains an unprecedented strong momentum of growth, and a
framework of open and mutually beneficial cooperation based on equality and in
diversified forms is taking shape in the region. Multilateral security dialogue
and cooperation are being enhanced. The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)
has entered a new stage of substantive growth, contributing to the establishment
of a new mode of state-to-state relations. ASEAN has made steady progress in
community-building and in talks on establishing free trade areas with other
countries. East Asian cooperation, which is conducted mainly through the ASEAN
plus China, Japan and the ROK (10+3) channel, has expanded in scope and its
institutional building is improving constantly, continuing to play a major role
in promoting peace, stability and prosperity in the Asia-Pacific region. The
East Asia Summit has provided a new platform for East Asian cooperation.
Moreover, significant progress has been made in South Asian regional
cooperation. There is improvement in the relations between India and Pakistan.
There are growing complexities in the Asia-Pacific security environment.
There is a new adjustment going on in the strategic alignment and relations
among major countries in the region, and new changes have occurred in the
hotspots in the region. The United States is accelerating its realignment of
military deployment to enhance its military capability in the Asia-Pacific
region. The United States and Japan are strengthening their military alliance in
pursuit of operational integration. Japan seeks to revise its constitution and
exercise collective self-defense. Its military posture is becoming more
external-oriented. The DPRK has launched missile tests and conducted a nuclear
test. Thus, the situation on the Korean Peninsula and in Northeast Asia has
become more complex and challenging. Iraq and Afghanistan continue to face
turbulence. The Middle East has become more volatile. A settlement of the
Iranian nuclear issue is not yet in sight. Territorial disputes, conflicting
claims over maritime rights and interests, and ethnic and religious discords
undermine trust and cooperation among states. The threat of terrorism,
separatism and extremism remains serious. In addition, some countries face
growing internal problems caused by social and economic transition.