China will try to reduce the fiscal deficit next year, Finance Minister Jin
Renqing told a national working conference yesterday a signal that the
government wants to avoid a growth pattern based on increased spending.
Jin did not disclose details of next year's budget but said government
spending in 2007 will comply with the guidelines mapped out at the Central
Economic Work Conference earlier this month.
The conference called for continued efforts in structural adjustments and
balanced economic and social development.
"The bulk of new government investment next year will target rural areas,"
The fiscal deficit is budgeted at 295 billion yuan (US$37.8 billion) this
year, slightly down from 300 billion yuan (US$38.5 billion) in 2005.
The plan to slash the deficit is backed by the country's strong financial
position. Jin said total fiscal revenues for 2006 are expected to top 3.9
trillion yuan (US$500 billion), up from 3.2 trillion (US$410 billion) in 2005.
The key points made by Jin:
Social services, especially in rural areas, will be a priority for government
expenditure. They include education, medical care and social security.
After experiments in some western provinces, free education will be provided
for all 150 million rural children eligible for nine-year compulsory education.
More rural people will be brought under the umbrella of the experimental
co-operative health care system.
The system, which is jointly funded by the government and individuals, is now
being tested in about half of the country's rural areas. Next year, it will be
expanded to cover 80 per cent of the rural population.
The government's per-person input will be increased, from 10 yuan (US$1.3) to
The government will fund trials of a basic subsistence system for low-income
people in the countryside.
(China Daily 12/20/2006 page1)