Construction of villas, golf courses and race tracks will be strictly banned
as two catalogues of projects that will be either restricted or prohibited were
The catalogues, which were jointly issued by the Ministry of Land and
Resources and the National Development and Reform Commission, aim to "strengthen
macro-controls, promote conservative land use, and facilitate industrial
structure adjustment", the ministry said on its website.
Details of the two catalogues, which were said to come into effective on
December 12, were only revealed yesterday.
Construction of large commercial and entertainment facilities, building
material markets, and theme parks are now restricted or prohibited from using
Race tracks, cemeteries and real estate projects with low density
(construction area of a single house exceeding 144 square metres) are also
forbidden to use arable land.
The catalogues also ruled out small-scale industrial projects involving coal
mines, power, oil petrification and steel plants.
Luxury homes, golf courses, and training centres for government and
State-owned enterprises, are listed as an extravagance of the country's
diminishing arable land.
The catalogues were enacted according to the country's industrial policy and
will be revised from time to time as the policy is adjusted, an anonymous
official was quoted by the Xinhua News Agency as saying.
Rampant illegal land expropriation has prompted the promulgation of the
catalogues, the official said.
"Despite a double-digit economic increase since 2003, some overheated
investments, and excessive loans have emerged," the official was quoted as
saying, "blind investments, and low-level repetitive construction are prevalent
in some places.
"The two catalogues will become an important measure for the country to
strengthen and improve its macro-controls," he said.
The catalogues replace two similar ones that were issued in 1999.
A series of measures have been taken this year to cool down overheated
investments in fixed-assets and the rampant expropriation of arable land by
In May, the central government issued a ban on the use of new land for luxury
villas. This was coupled by repeated orders from the ministry to supply more
land for smaller, affordable housing, to cool the overheated property market.
Earlier last month, a regulation issued by the ministry, which will be
effective next year, doubles the land-use fee of arable land for new
construction, a move many believe will tighten the protection of arable land.
A number of illegal land acquisition cases have been brought to the attention
of the State Council this year.
In September, the State Council issued a serious administrative warning to
two deputy-ministry level officials in Central China's Henan Province for
illegally expropriating nearly 1,000 hectares of land for the construction of a
(China Daily 12/19/2006 page2)