Henan, China's most populous province, has issued regulations banning
pre-birth gender identification of fetuses and gender-selective abortions for
non-medical purposes, according to the Zhengzhou Evening News on December 11.
Some Chinese, especially those in rural areas, prefer to have sons, following
the old proverb "the more sons, the more happiness". The regulations are the
first local attempts at targeting the current gender imbalance, and will take
effect from next year.
According to the regulations, irregular fetal development must be identified
by expert panels from designated hospitals. Medical institutes qualified to
identify the gender of a fetus for medical purposes will be designated by the
provincial health authority and announced to the public next year: Any other
medical institute or individual will not be legally allowed to identify the
gender of a fetus.
Expert panels responsible for fetal gender identification for medical
purposes must consist of no more than three individuals. Whether or not an
abortion is necessary must be determined by the operation institute, an must be
reported to the county population and family planning authority.
who seek abortions who are not legally entitled to have a child as stipulated by
Article 17 and 18 of the Henan Population and Family Planning Regulation, or are
over 20 and over 14 weeks pregnant must present a certificate issued by the
population and family planning institutes at the town or community levels. Those
who are under legal childbearing conditions and are over 14 weeks pregnant but
have gender selective abortions will be fined no less than 2,000 yuan.
Those who organize or introduce gender-selective abortions to women over 14
weeks pregnant will be fined 5,000 to 10,000 yuan, and illegal profits from the
abortion will be confiscated. National civil servants involved will be punished
Abortion drugs will be banned from being sold and those on the shelf now will
be confiscated by food and drug administrators at the county level; Illegal
gains from the drugs will be confiscated and sellers will be fined no more than
Drug producers and wholesalers will be banned from selling abortion drugs to
uncertified institutes or individuals.
Illegal profits and equipment from institutes or individuals who violate the
regulations will be confiscated and fines of two to six times the illegal profit
amount of no less than 10,000 yuan and 10,000 to 30,000 yuan for amounts less
than 10,000 yuan will be levied.