The Communist Party of China (CPC) is exerting
efforts to actively prevent and handle mass incidents, and such a move shows the
Party's clear recognition of China's current social and economic development and
its courage to confront realities.
The Resolution of the CPC Central Committee on Major Issues Regarding the
Building of a Harmonious Socialist Society, adopted at the Sixth Plenary Session
of the 16th Central Committee of the CPC on Oct. 11, is the first major Party
document that addresses the issue of mass incidents and makes it an important
task in the process of building a harmonious society.
China is harmonious and stable in general, but it is undergoing profound
changes in social and economic structures with many destabilizing factors. The
number and scope of mass incidents have become the most outstanding problem that
seriously disturbs social stability.
The mass incidents reflect the various social conflicts and problems popping
up at the crucial stage of China's reforms.
The prevention and proper handling of mass incidents is a major test for the
CPC's governing ability.
China's booming economic development has largely improved people's living
standard, but in the meantime the gaps between the rich and poor, urban and
rural have been widened.
Against this background, major mass incidents have been increasing and having
wider impact. Among these incidents, some economic disputes had been
politicized, and violent confrontation has increased so much that any
inappropriate dealing would cause bloodshed.
Meanwhile, hostile forces inside and outside China are trying all means to
intervene and take advantage of mass incidents to instigate and create
The Party should put priority to solving the problems and difficulties of
laid-off workers, land-lost farmers, emigrants from the Three Gorges Dam area,
migrant workers, and the poor in both urban and rural areas.
The Ministry of Public Security reported 87,000 mass incidents in 2005, up
6.6 percent over that 2004 and 50 percent over 2003.
Local governments and CPC committees should stay cautious in deploying police
force, using weapons and exercising forceful measures in handling mass
incidents, to avoid improper force use that will intensify conflicts and
aggravate the situation.