Employees earning more than 120,000 yuan (US$15,000) annually need to report
their income directly to the tax authorities from next year, it was announced
It is the first time that the State Administration of Taxation requires
high-income earners to report their earnings themselves, but their taxes will be
paid by employers as happens now.
For those who earn less than 120,000 yuan a year, employers will continue to
deduct tax at source and report to the authorities.
Observers told China Daily that they believe the move signifies the
government's resolve to narrow the gap between the rich and the poor, and to
increase national revenues.
The taxation administration said in a statement on its website that anyone
including foreigners working in China who meets any of the following criteria
needs to report their incomes to the taxation authorities.
People with an annual income of more than 120,000 yuan
with income from more than one organization
with income from overseas
whose employer does not pay tax
or as stipulated by the State Council, the cabinet.
"If this policy is executed effectively, it will play a part in redressing
the income discrepancy between the high-income group and ordinary wage-earners,"
said Peng Longyun, a senior economist with the Asian Development Bank (ADB) in
Peng added that the bulk of individual income taxes are from employees with
fixed salaries, while those with high incomes and from multiple sources usually
pay little because of loopholes in tax collection.
For instance, a foreign trade dealer surnamed Yang in Ningbo of Zhejiang
Province, who owns a villa and a car, said he pays himself only US$300 a month;
so there is no reason for him to report his income to taxation bureaus.
ADB's Peng said that taxation authorities currently have only one source of
access to people's income, either through their own reports or from their
employers. But they will have two when the new regulation is implemented; and so
can crosscheck for discrepancies.
Zhang Deyong, a researcher at the Institute of Finance and Trade Economics
affiliated to the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, said giving more
responsibility to individuals would increase tax compliance.
People above the 120,000-yuan threshold who fail to report their earnings
within three months of the end of the taxation year can be fined up to 10,000
yuan (US$1,270), while filing false reports can attract fines of up to 50,000
yuan (US$6,350) in addition to a maximum of five times the tax amount