Building a harmonious socialist society will be high on the agenda of the
Sixth Plenary Session of the 16th Central Committee of the Communist Party of
China (CPC), which opened yesterday in Beijing.
The meeting will deliberate on a draft of the "resolutions of the CPC Central
Committee on major issues regarding the building of a harmonious socialist
society," Xinhua News Agency reported.
The resolutions are expected to become guidelines for building a harmonious
socialist society, defined as a democratic society under the rule of law, and
based on equality and justice. It will also be an honest, caring, stable,
vigorous and orderly society in which humans live in harmony with nature.
The Party holds that there still exist quite a few problems in the pursuit of
Social scientists believe that numerous social conflicts may surface when per
capita gross domestic product (GDP) enters the US$1,000-3,000 stage.
Policy-makers have realized that improper handling of the complicated situation
will lead to economic stagnation and social instability.
China's per capita GDP surpassed US$1,000 in 2003 and reached US$1,714 in
A study shows China's Gini Coefficient, a measure of income inequality, has
reached 0.46, reflecting a big wealth gap that is still expanding.
In 2005, the per capita income ratio between urban and rural residents was
3.22 to 1.
Facing up to these problems, and working to solve them with a more positive
attitude to increase harmony and reduce disharmony, is an important guarantee of
realizing China's long-term development goals, said a senior Party official at a
meeting of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee held in July.
The Fourth Plenary Session of the 16th Central Committee of the CPC, held in
September 2004, first explicitly made the call to "put building a harmonious
society in a more prominent position."
Speaking to a gathering of provincial leaders in February, CPC General
Secretary Hu Jintao urged building a social justice guarantee system based on
"equal rights, equal opportunities, fair rules and fair distribution."
Qing Lianbin, a professor of the Party School of the CPC Central Committee,
said Hu's instructions will be fully reflected in the resolutions of the current
CPC Central Committee plenum, which is scheduled to conclude on Wednesday.
"The CPC will consolidate its foundation of governance by upholding social
justice," said Huang Zongliang, a professor at Peking University.
Yue Housheng, author of the book "On Building a Harmonious Society," said
yesterday he believed the current session will tackle the outstanding social
problems which threaten to destabilize society.