Beijing will not ease restrictions on the birth of a second child for people
with higher educational qualifications, a local family planning official has
Li Yunli, deputy head of the Beijing Municipal Population and Family Planning
Committee, said the current family planning policy would not change.
Personal quality is a complicated issue and certainly not guaranteed by high
educational attainment, Li was quoted as saying by the Beijing Times.
Li said urban residents enjoy much better social security policies than their
rural peers. In turn, rural residents receive preferential treatment in regard
to a second child.
China's family planning policy encourages couples, apart from those from
minority ethnic groups, to have only one child to restrain population expansion.
Couples that meet certain conditions can have a second child.
The central authorities have delegated policy-making powers on the issue to
Beijing's population and family planning policy allows couples who were
themselves only sons or only daughters to have a second child.
Li said that she hoped all of these "only child" couples would have a second
child which would help solve labor shortages and deal with challenges
represented by the aging population.
Beijing's senior population aged 60 and over reached 1.97 million at the end
of 2004, making up 13 percent of the city population. The senior population is
estimated to rise to 6.5 million by 2050, or 30 percent of the city's total
According to the 11th five-year plan (2006-2010) on aging, China's senior
population will top 174 million by 2010, accounting for 12.78 percent of the
country's total population, compared with 143 million at present.
China cannot rely on the birth of more children to solve aging population
issues, said Yu Xuejun, an official with the State Population and Family
The best solutions are to boost economic development and build an effective
social security system, especially in rural areas, Yu said.