WASHINGTON - Bitter divisions over the
Iraq war, particularly on Capitol Hill, led the Bush administration to change
course and replace Gen. Peter Pace as chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, a
grim Defense Secretary Robert Gates said Friday.
U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert
Gates (R) listens to Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff General Peter
Pace at a House Appropriations Defense Subcommittee hearing on the Defense
Department on Capitol Hill in Washington, in this March 29, 2007 file
photo. Pace, the top U.S. military officer, will retire at the end of his
term later this year and be replaced by Navy Adm. Mike Mullen, Defense
Secretary Robert Gates said on June 8, 2007. [Reuters]
Gates said that despite earlier plans to recommend Pace for a second two-year
term as chairman, he instead was recommending Adm. Mike Mullen, currently chief
of naval operations, to take over when Pace's term expires Sept. 30. President
Bush accepted the recommendation.
"I think that the events of the last several months have simply created an
environment in which I think there would be a confirmation process that would
not be in the best interests of the country," Gates said. "I wish it were not
necessary to make a decision like this. But I think it's a realistic appraisal
of where we are."
Bush praised Pace, saying he has "relied on his unvarnished military
judgment, and I value his candor, his integrity, and his friendship."
"Pete's job has been to help ensure that America's military forces are
prepared to meet the threats of this new century," Bush said in a statement
issued in Rome, where he is visiting. "This is a difficult task in a time of
peace. Pete Pace has done it in a time of war -- and he has done it superbly."
Gates said he had been told by Republican and Democratic senators that a
confirmation hearing for Pace would be a "backward-looking and very contentious
Sen. Carl Levin, D-Mich., acknowledged such advice, saying he had gathered
views from a broad range of senators. "I found that the views of many senators
reflected my own," and confirmation would have focused on the past four years of
war, he said.
A spokesman for Sen. Hillary Rodham Clinton, D-N.Y., said she, too, believed
it would have been a difficult renomination.
"When it comes to Iraq it's not enough for President Bush to change the cast,
he must also change their script," said the spokesman, Philippe Reines.
Mullen has long been eyed for a promotion, and on Friday Gates praised him as
having the "vision, strategic insight and integrity to lead America's armed
The announcement still seemed to surprise some senior Pentagon officials who
as recently as last week were convinced there would be a second term for Pace,
the first Marine to serve as chairman of the Joint Chiefs. Pace will now retire
when his term is up at the end of September.
Pace's departure will put nearly an entirely new slate of leaders and
military commanders in charge of the war, which is now in its fifth year and has
claimed the lives of more than 3,500 U.S. troops.
Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld abruptly resigned a day after last year's
elections, which were consumed with debate on the war and swept Democrats into
control of Congress.
Since then, the Democrats have shown an eagerness to challenge President
Bush's handling of the conflict and support among Republicans has waned as well.
Gates made it clear his decision on Pace came reluctantly.
"I am no stranger to contentious confirmations, and I do not shrink from
them," Gates said. "However, I have decided that at this moment in our history,
the nation, our men and women in uniform and General Pace himself would not be
well served by a divisive ordeal."
Democrats have used recent military confirmation hearings, including one
earlier this week, to blast the administration's handling of the war.
Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid said senators, "will be looking very
closely at Admiral Mullen and General Cartwright's views to make sure they are
committed to changing course in Iraq. Both men must be advocates for our troops,
not for a failed policy."
White House spokesman Gordon Johndroe said Gates "informed the president a
little over two weeks ago that consultations had not gone well (with senators)
and it was his recommendation that we not go forward with the renomination of
Gates called Bush's national security adviser, Steve Hadley, in Heiligendamm,
Germany, Thursday night, to talk about the timing of the announcement, and on
Friday Hadley informed Bush that they were going forward. "The president had
already concurred" based on the earlier talks with Gates, said Johndroe, who was
traveling overseas with Bush.
Asked whether the developments indicated GOP support for the war was waning,
Gates said, "No, I don't think it says that."
As chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff for two years, and vice chairman for
the previous four, Pace has been involved in all of the key decisions leading to
the 2003 invasion of Iraq and the planning for the post- Saddam Hussein era.
Johndroe said, "He is an example for all our men and women in uniform and has
been an integral part of the president's national security team."
Pace had stirred controversy recently by saying that homosexuality arts are
immoral and the military should not condone such behavior by allowing gays to
serve openly. He later said he should not have expressed his personal views and
should have simply expressed his support for the military's "don't ask, don't
tell" policy, which allows gays to serve if they keep their sexual orientation
Mullen was in Annapolis at the Naval Academy on Friday when the announcement
was made. His spokesman, Cmdr. John Kirby, issued a statement saying Mullen was
Gates said Mullen "has a broad view of what the needs and requirements of the
services are." To illustrate that, Gates said that when Mullen was recently
asked by senior Pentagon adviser what he was most concerned about, he replied,
The Army has been strained to the breaking point by soldiers' lengthy,
repeated and difficult tours in the Iraq and Afghanistan wars.
Gates also heaped praise on Pace, who recently celebrated his 40th year as a
Marine. "He has served our country with great distinction and deserves the
deepest thanks of the American people for a lifetime of service to our country
and for his leadership. I have thoroughly enjoyed working with him, trust him
completely and value his candor and his willingness to speak his mind," he said.
Gates said he would recommend Gen. James E. Cartwright, currently the
commander of the Strategic Command, to be vice chairman of the Joint Chiefs of
Staff. He would succeed Adm. Ed Giambastiani, who is retiring. Bush said he
would also accept that recommendation.
The defense secretary said he had originally intended to name Giambastiani to
a second two-year term, but Mullen's selection had foreclosed that possibility.
Gates then offered Giambastiani another senior assignment, but the admiral
declined the job. It is customary for the chairman and vice chairman to come
from different branches of the service.
Other members of Congress were largely mum about the discussions with Gates
prior to the announcement, preferring to offer praise for both Pace and Mullen.
Sen. John Warner, R-Va., said Pace had served with "the greatest of
distinction." He added, "As we look to the future, in Admiral Mullen, we will
have a new hand on the helm, a steady, well-trained hand that will guide and
protect the men and women of all of our services, and their families."