MECCA, Saudi Arabia - Rival Palestinian factions signed a power-sharing
accord aimed at ending months of bloodshed Thursday, agreeing that the Islamic
militant group Hamas would head a new coalition government that would "respect"
past peace agreements with Israel.
However, the United States and
Israel have demanded the new government explicitly renounce violence, recognize
Israel and agree to uphold past peace accords. The vague promise to respect past
deals - a compromise reached after Hamas rejected pressure for more binding
language - did not appear to go far enough.
Hamas leader Khaled Mashaal, left,
shakes hands in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, Thursday, Feb. 8, 2007. [AP]
US and Israeli acceptance is crucial to the deal's success. Unless they are
convinced Hamas has sufficiently moderated, the West is unlikely to lift a
crippling financial blockade of the Palestinian government, and it will be
difficult to advance the peace process.
"Israel expects a new Palestinian government to respect and accept all three
of the international community principles - recognition of Israel, acceptance of
all former agreements and renunciation of all terror and violence," Israeli
government spokeswoman Miri Eisin told The Associated Press after the accord was
She would not say whether Israel believes the guidelines of the new
government fulfill those demands.
In Washington, State Department deputy spokesman Tom Casey said "we'll see
what any final agreement actually looks like and we'll have to make an
evaluation from there" as to whether it meets international demands.
Palestinians hope the agreement will avert an outright civil war. Hamas and
Fatah gunmen have clashed repeatedly in recent months, killing dozens -
including 30 who died in four days of fighting that ended with a fragile truce
Sunday. The deal could also fall apart as the two sides work out who will fill
sensitive posts in the new government - particularly the interior ministry,
which controls security forces.
Saudi Arabia - which put its credibility on the line by hosting the
high-profile summit in the holy city of Mecca - will likely now face the task of
selling the agreement to its ally, the United States.
To boost the new government, the kingdom promised $1 billion in aid to the
Palestinians, according to Ahmed Youssef, a political adviser to Prime Minister
Ismail Haniyeh of Hamas, speaking in Gaza.
Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, of Fatah, and Hamas leader Khaled
Mashaal headed two days of intense negotiations in a Mecca palace overlooking
the Kaaba, Islam's holiest shrine - a venue Saudi Arabia chose to step up the
pressure on the two sides to compromise.
Much of the negotiations centered on a single word. Abbas pressed Hamas to
accept the stronger stance of "committing to" past peace accords with Israel
signed by the Fatah-dominated Palestinian Liberation Organization. But in the
end, he was forced to settle for the promise to "respect" them.
The final agreement was announced at a ceremony aired live on Arab television
Thursday night, in which Saudi King Abdullah sat with Abbas on his right and
Hamas leader Khaled Mashaal on his left.
Abbas aide Nabil Amr read a letter from Abbas proclaiming the accord and
asking Haniyeh of Hamas to form the new coalition government within five weeks,
divvying up Cabinet posts between the factions according to a formula agreed on
in the Mecca talks.
Abbas and Mashaal insisted the agreement would bring peace between their
factions and lavished praise on the Saudi monarch for his help - even comparing
him to the Prophet Muhammad in his ability to bring reconciliation.
The Palestinian president said the deal would "satisfy our people ... and
bring us to the shores of peace ... This initiative has been crowned with
Mashaal vowed the accord would put an end to violence after a series of
truces between Fatah and Hamas gunmen that collapsed.
"I tell those who fear that the fate of this agreement will be the same fate
of the old ones, ... we have pledged our allegiance to God from this sacred
place .... and we will go back to our country fully committed to it."
"I say to our young people that this is an agreement of the leadership of the
biggest groups and none of you should accept any order from others to fire," he