WASHINGTON - Republicans blocked a full-fledged
Senate debate over Iraq on Monday, but Democrats vowed they still would find a
way to force President Bush to change course in a war that has claimed the lives
of more than 3,000 U.S. troops.
"We must heed the results of the November elections and the wishes of the
American people," said Majority Leader Harry Reid.
Reid, D-Nev., spoke moments before a vote that sidetracked a nonbinding
measure expressing disagreement with Bush's plan to deploy an additional 21,500
troops to Iraq.
The vote was 49-47, or 11 short of the 60 needed to go ahead with debate, and
left the fate of the measure uncertain.
Senate Republican Leader Mitch McConnell of Kentucky described the test
vote as merely a "bump in the road" and added that GOP lawmakers "welcome the
debate and are happy to have it."
The political jockeying unfolded as Democrats sought passage of a measure,
supported by Sen. John Warner, R-Va., that is critical of the administration's
new Iraq policy. It was the first time Democrats had scheduled a sustained
debate on the war since they won control over Congress in last fall's midterm
McConnell called for equal treatment for an alternative measure, backed by
Sen. Judd Gregg, R-N.H., saying Congress should neither cut nor eliminate
funding for troops in the field. That measure takes no position on the war or
the president's decision to deploy additional forces.
Democrats launched a withering attack on Bush's war policy in the run-up to
"The American people do not support escalation. Last November, voters made it
clear they want a change of course, not more of the same," said Reid. "The
president must hear from Congress, so he knows he stands in the wrong place,
Sen. Dick Durbin of Illinois, the second-ranking Democrat, echoed Reid. "If
the Republicans want to stand by their president and his policy, they shouldn't
run from this debate. If they believe we should send thousands of our young
soldiers into the maws of this wretched civil war, they should at least have the
courage to stand and defend their position," he said.
The war has claimed the lives of more than 3,000 U.S. military personnel so
far, and costs are counted in the hundreds of billions of dollars. The
administration in recent days asked Congress for $245 billion more to cover the
costs of the conflict through 2008.
In Baghdad on Monday, there were signs that the much-awaited operation to
restore peace to the capital is gearing up nearly a month after it was
announced. Iraqi troops manned a major new checkpoint at the northern gate to
Baghdad, and Lt. Gen. Abboud Gambar, who will direct the operation, took charge
of his still-unfinished command center.
But bombings and mortar attacks killed at least 74 people Monday across Iraq
¡ª all but seven of them in Baghdad. Nearly 1,000 people have been killed in
attacks in the past week.
Before the Senate test vote, McConnell sought to deflect charges that
Republicans were hoping to block a debate. He said the roll call was
meaningless, a "bump in the road" required to settle a procedural problem.
But behind the procedural quarrel lay uncertainty about the verdict the
Senate would ultimately reach on Bush's decision to send 21,500 additional
Democrats hoped to gain enough Republican votes to pass the measure
expressing disagreement with Bush's decision, and to send the commander in chief
an extraordinary wartime rebuke on a bipartisan vote.
It was an outcome that the White House and Senate Republican leadership hoped
to avoid. They concentrated on a relatively small number of swing votes, many of
them belonging to GOP senators expected to be on the ballot in 2008.
Gregg's alternative said Congress should not take "any action that will
endanger United States military forces in the field, including the elimination
or reduction of funds for troops in the field, as such an action with respect to
funding would undermine their safety or harm their effectiveness in pursuing
their assigned missions."
The measure advanced by Democrats and Warner said the same thing, but it also
says the Senate "disagrees with the `plan' to augment our forces by 21,500 and
urges the president instead to consider all options and alternatives."
Republicans and Democrats carried out their clash as 10 members of "Code
Pink, "an anti-war group, were arrested and charged with disorderly conduct
during a protest in front of Sen. John McCain's office in a building across the
street from the Capitol. "They were absolutely compliant, peaceful," Sgt.
Kimberly Schneider said of the protesters.
McCain, a likely Republican presidential candidate, opposes the measure
expressing disagreement with the increase in troops.