WASHINGTON - As US President Bush weighs new strategies for Iraq, the Army's
top general warned Thursday that his force "will break" without thousands more
active duty troops and greater use of the reserves.
Noting the strain put on the
force by operations in Iraq, Afghanistan and elsewhere in the global war on
terrorism, Gen. Peter J. Schoomaker said he wants to grow his
half-million-member Army beyond the 30,000 troops already added in recent years.
The US Army's chief Peter Schoomaker, seen here in February
2006, said a bigger army and recurrent access to reserve forces are needed
to keep pace with deployments that will otherwise break the active force.
Though he didn't give an exact number, he said it would take significant time
and commitment by the nation, noting some 6,000 to 7,000 soldiers could be added
Officials also need greater authority to tap into the National Guard and
Reserve, long ago set up as a strategic reserve but now needed as an integral
part of the nation's deployed forces, Schoomaker told a commission studying
possible changes in those two forces.
"Over the last five years, the sustained strategic demand ... is placing a
strain on the Army's all-volunteer force," Schoomaker told the commission in a
Capitol Hill hearing.
"At this pace ... we will break the active component" unless reserves can be
called up more to help, Schoomaker said in prepared remarks.
Schoomaker's comments come as Bush continues his assessment of the Iraq war.
Bush held three days of urgent meetings with top generals and other advisers.
Over that time, Bush gathered advice from former and current commanders,
including those in Iraq, as well as chiefs of the military services and other
top Pentagon leaders.
White House spokesman Tony Snow declined to characterize Bush's response to
Schoomaker's suggestion, but said Bush "takes seriously any of the requests from
the service branch chiefs."
Speaking to reporters afterward, Schoomaker said Gen. George Casey, the top
commander in Iraq, is looking at several military options for the war, including
shifting many troops from combat missions to training Iraqi units. However,
Schoomaker said, the military is more interested in getting the Iraqi security
forces up to speed than anything.
Above all else, the military is looking at "how we generate Iraqi output," he
The Army in recent days has been looking at how many additional troops could
be sent to Iraq, if the president decides a surge in forces would be helpful.
But, officials say, only about 10,000 to 15,000 troops could be sent and an end
to the war would have to be in sight because it would drain the pool of
available soldiers for combat.
Further, many experts warn, there is no guarantee a surge would work to
settle the violence.
"We would not surge without a purpose," Schoomaker told reporters. "And that
purpose should be measurable."
He even heard from outside advisers who suggested he remove Marine Gen. Peter
Pace as chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, according to an official familiar
with the meeting who asked not to be named because the discussions were private.
A number of administration officials have suggested privately that -
while Bush has considered the possibility of a short-term troop increase -
there is no consensus from the military on the wisdom of injecting a large
number of additional troops.
Another option under discussion is increasing the number of US troops who are
placed inside Iraqi army and police units as advisers, providing a kind of
on-the-job training that the senior military spokesman in Baghdad, Maj. Gen.
William Caldwell, told reporters is already paying notable dividends.
The military has said that any adjustments in troop levels would be fruitless
without accompanying improvements on the political and economic fronts, to
reconcile the rival sectarian factions and to put young people to work.
Iraqi Vice President Tariq al-Hashemi, meanwhile, called on the Bush
administration to set a timetable for withdrawal of US troops from Iraq. At a
news conference in Washington, al-Hashemi, a Sunni leader who met with Bush
earlier this week, said the timetable should be "flexible" and depend on
development of a capable Iraqi security force.
"You've done your job," he said at the United States Institute of Peace, a
US-financed think tank.
Currently, however, he said, "There is across-the-board chaos in my country,"
with roaming bands of murderers.