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District and population

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Karamay administers four districts -- the district of Karamay, Dushanzi, Baijiantan, and Urho district, two counties— the county of Urho and Xiaoguai, and six sub-district areas - Tianshan Rd and Shengli Rd, and the towns of Jinlong, Wuwu, Sanping, and Baikouquan.

District and population

Karamay district is the political, economic, cultural and business center of Karamay. It is in northwestern Xinjiang, in the Junggar Basin, and covers a 3,833-square-kilometer area, with a population of 150,000 (2004), and more than 20 ethnic groups, including the Han, Uygur, Hui, Kazak, and Mongolian.

The Dushanzi district is on the northern slope of the Tianshan Mountains, at the southwestern edge of the Junggar Basin, 250 kilometers away from Urumqi, the capital of the region. Dushanzi, or "single mountain", is the only mountain in the area. In the Uygur and Kazak languages it means "mountain of petroleum".

Baijiantan district is 30 kilometers to the northeast of downtown Karamay and is a key production area for the Karamay oilfield, where the first major oil well – No.193 – went into production, in 1958. Its daily output of more than 100 tons of petroleum has given it the title of "King" of the nation's oil fields. Oil is a pillar industry and crucial to the district's economic development. Other major industries include oil exploration, well testing, and electric power. The service industry has helped the development of other industries.

Urho district sits in the northwestern part of the region, at the northwestern edge of the Junggar Basin.


By the end of 2011, Karamay's population was 391,008, an increase of 44.69 percent from the pervious census in 2005, with males accounting for 52 percent and females, 48 percent. The majority are Han, at 81.65 percent, while ethnic groups account for 18.35 percent.

The Han are the largest ethnic group, accounting for 81.65 percent of the Karamay's total. By 1997, Karamay had 37 ethnic groups: the Han, Uygur, Kazak, Hui, Mongolian, Xibe, Manchu, Russian, Kirgiz, Uzbek, Daur, Tajik, Tatar, Bai, Miao, Yi, Zhuang, Dong, Yao, Sui, Tu, Li, She, Qiang, Bouyei, Korean, Dongxiang, Tujia, Salar, Yugur Hani, Gaoshan, Mulam, Lisu, Pumi, Tibetan, and Jing.