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Uygur ethnic group

Updated: 2014-03-28
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Uygur is the main ethnic group in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region.

Uygur ethnic group

The word “Uygur” represents unity.

Uygur have their own distinctive culture and art. Afanti Tales, the music and dance epic Twelve Muqam and Uigurian dance are famous worldwide.

Uygur have their own custom when entertaining guests and visiting others. Guests will sit above the salt and be served with tea or milk tea first, nang (a crusty pancake), various cakes, rock candy and watermelon in summer. If the meal is hand pilaf, they will provide water for their guests to wash their hands before eating. The guests are supposed to leave the table after the host clears away the dishes.

Uygur ethnic group

Major Uygur festivals include Corban Festival and Eid al-Fitr. They attach great importance to traditional festivals, especially Corban when every household butchers a lamb, cooks meat and makes cakes.

In ancient times, the Uygur believed in Shamanism, Manichean, Nestorianism, Zoroastrianism and Buddhism. In the 10th century, they converted to Islam.

Uygur observe monogamy. The three-day wedding ceremony is solemn and fervent, where guests from both the bride and bridegroom’s family will be invited with a gift.

Uygur ethnic group

Their staple food is flour and rice, such as nang, pilaf with mutton, steamed stuffed buns, and noodles. They eat nang, jam, and drink milk tea at breakfast. At noon, they eat pasta or rice; at dinner, they eat nang, tea or noodles with soup. They also like beef and mutton.

Uygur usually live in wood bungalows, with the better-off living in a house with a corridor, decorated with curved patterns and painting.

The embroidered hat is a part of Uigurian clothing as well as a symbol of Uigurian beauty. In the Tang Dynasty(AD618-907), men wore roll-brimmed and peaked felt hats. Later in the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), influenced by Arabic and Central Asian culture, they began to tonsure and wear embroidered hats. The material and design of their hats developed in the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911): they wore leather hats in winter and silk hats in summer with feathers decorated in the front. Female hats were ornamented with cannetille embroidery.