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Xibe ethnic group

Updated: 2014-03-28
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Xibe is a Chinese ethnic group with a small population.

Xibe ethnic group

Xibe have been living on the Hulun Buir Prairie and near the Nen River for generations. In the mid-18th century, they moved west to Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. Now most of them live in Qapqal Xibe autonomous county, Huocheng, Gongliu and other counties. To date, they still preserve their own language, rich customs and religious beliefs.

The Xibe language is very similar to Manchu. They also use Chinese, Uygur language andKazakh language . The Xibe language came into being in 1947 based on Manchu and is still in use today.

Xibe ethnic group

Xibe literature and art is rich and colorful. It contains folk literature, folk tales, ballad,s mythology, fables and nianshuo (storytelling in xibe language).

Xibe people are good at singing and dancing. Their songs are beautiful and energetic. Beilun is their most famous dance. They play musical instruments such as the dobro, reed flute. Their embroidery and handcrafts are very delicate. They enjoy sports like archery, horse racing and wrestling.

Xibe ethnic group

Among Xibe folk, portraying figure is a custom. In addition, they also draw shaman, kitchen gods and family trees. Xibe females maintain the tradition of artistic embroidery, appliqué and paper-cutting. A pouch is viewed as a necessity of male Xibe smokers. According to tradition, the female should send her lover a delicate hand-made pouch, embroidered with flowers, butterflies and birds.

Xibe believe in Buddhism. Their staple foods are rice and flour; they also eat beef and mutton and drink milk tea and butter tea.

In the Qing Dynasty(1644-1911), Xibe men wore almost the same as the Manchus: a left-side split robe, short coat, domed hat, white socks, embroidered shoes, earrings, bracelets and rings. Elderly women wore seal-trimmed cotton hats in winter and white kerchiefs at other time. Girls braided their hair into a long tail at the back; married women braided two tails and coiled them on their heads.